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The 2011 Japanese earthquake, tsunami and nuclear crisis: evidence of contagion from international financial markets

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  • Simplice A., Asongu

Abstract

Abstract Purpose – Natural disasters may inflict significant damage upon international financial markets. The purpose of this study is to investigate if any contagion effect occurred in the immediate aftermath of the Japanese earthquake, tsunami and subsequent nuclear crisis. Design/methodology/approach – Using 33 international stock indices and exchange rates, this paper uses heteroscedasticity biases based on correlation coefficients to examine if any contagion occurred across financial markets after the March 11, 2011 Japanese earthquake, tsunami and nuclear crisis. The sample period is partitioned into two sections: the 12-month pre-earthquake period (March 11, 2010 to March 10, 2011) and the 2-month post-earthquake period (March 11, 2011 to May 10, 2011). While the stability period is defined as the pre-earthquake period, the turbulent (turmoil) period is defined as the post-earthquake period. In a bid to ensure robustness of our findings, the turmoil period is further partitioned into two equal sections: the 1-month (short-term) post-earthquake period (March 11, 2011 to April 10, 2011), and the 2-month (medium-term) post-earthquake (March 11, 2011 to May 10, 2011). Findings – Findings reveal that, while no sampled foreign exchange markets suffered from contagion, stock markets of Taiwan, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and South Africa witnessed a contagion effect. Practical implications – Our results have two paramount implications. Firstly, we have confirmed existing consensus that in the face of natural crises that could take an international scale, emerging markets are contagiously affected for the most part. Secondly, the empirical evidence also suggest that international financial market transmissions not only occur during financial crisis; natural disaster effects should not be undermined. Originality/value – This paper has shown that the correlation structure of international financial markets are also affected by high profile natural disasters.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 39630.

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Date of creation: 29 May 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:39630

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Keywords: Japanese Earthquake; Contagion; International Financial Markets;

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References

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  1. Ayhan Kose, M. & Prasad, Eswar S. & Taylor, Ashley D., 2011. "Thresholds in the process of international financial integration," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 147-179, February.
  2. Simplice A. ASONGU, 2012. "Globalization, Financial Crisis And Contagion: Time - Dynamic Evidence From Financial Markets Of Developing Countries," Journal of Advanced Studies in Finance, ASERS Publishing, vol. 0(2), pages 131-139, January.
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  8. Asongu Simplice, 2011. "Political Crises and Risk of Financial Contagion in Developing Countries: Evidence from Africa," Working Papers 11/003, African Governance and Development Institute..
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Cited by:
  1. Asongu Simplice, 2011. "Political Crises and Risk of Financial Contagion in Developing Countries: Evidence from Africa," Working Papers 11/003, African Governance and Development Institute..
  2. Simplice A. ASONGU, 2012. "Globalization, Financial Crisis And Contagion: Time - Dynamic Evidence From Financial Markets Of Developing Countries," Journal of Advanced Studies in Finance, ASERS Publishing, vol. 0(2), pages 131-139, January.
  3. Simplice Anutechia ASONGU, 2013. "Globalization and Financial Market Contagion: Evidence from Financial Crisis and Natural Disasters," Chapters of Financial Aspects of Recent Trends in the Global Economy book, in: Rajmund Mirdala (ed.), Financial Aspects of Recent Trends in the Global Economy, volume 1, chapter 1, pages 12-32 ASERS Publishing.
  4. Jacques JAUSSAUD & Julien MARTINE & Serge REY, 2012. "Japon : pistes pour l'analyse des conséquences économiques et managériales du grand tremblement de terre du 11 mars 2011," Working Papers 2011-2012_9, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Jun 2012.

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