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Foreign Direct Investment, Growth and Convergence Hypothesis: A Cross Country Analysis

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  • Jawaid, Syed Tehseen
  • Raza, Syed Ali

Abstract

This study investigates the relationship between foreign direct investment and economic growth by using seven years average annual data of 129 countries from the period of 2003 to 2009. Results indicate the significant positive relationships between foreign direct investment and economic growth in all countries, as well as in high, middle and low income countries. The foreign direct investment is contributing more in low income countries as compare to middle and high income countries. Results of unconditional convergence indicate that convergence exist in all, low, middle and high income countries. Results confirm that countries are coming together with respect to per capita income. Results of conditional convergence based on foreign direct investment suggest that the low and middle income countries are converging each other more rapidly. In high income countries the initial per capita income is remains negative and significant but the coefficient is almost similar in both conditional and unconditional models. This shows that chances of convergence in high income countries remain steady in the presence of foreign direct investment. On the other hand, in all countries model, coefficient is almost 60 percent higher in conditional model as compare to unconditional model. This indicates that with the existence of foreign direct investment, the overall countries are converging with the higher rate. In the light of above argument we can suggest to host country’s to make unproblematic policies to attract foreign direct investment to make efficient utilization of resources and, reduce output gap in the country.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 39000.

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Date of creation: May 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:39000

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Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment; Economic Growth; Cross Country Analysis;

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  1. Syed tehseen, jawaid & Abdul, waheed, 2011. "Effects of Terms of Trade and its Volatility on Economic Growth: A Cross Country Empirical Investigation," MPRA Paper 32694, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Adams, Samuel, 2009. "Foreign Direct investment, domestic investment, and economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 939-949, November.
  3. Borensztein, E. & De Gregorio, J. & Lee, J-W., 1998. "How does foreign direct investment affect economic growth?1," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 115-135, June.
  4. Aviral Kumar Tiwari & Mihai Mutascu, 2011. "Economic Growth and FDI in Asia: A Panel-Data Approach," Economic Analysis and Policy (EAP), Queensland University of Technology (QUT), School of Economics and Finance, vol. 41(2), pages 173-187, September.
  5. Robert J. Barro, 1996. "Determinants of Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Empirical Study," NBER Working Papers 5698, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Kamal Upadhyaya & Gyan Pradhan & Dharmendra Dhakal & Rabindra Bhandari, 2007. "Foreign Aid, FDI and Economic Growth in East European Countries," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 6(13), pages 1-9.
  7. Levine, Ross & Renelt, David, 1992. "A Sensitivity Analysis of Cross-Country Growth Regressions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(4), pages 942-63, September.
  8. Stanisic, Nenad, 2008. "Do Foreign Direct Investments Increase the Economic Growth of Southeastern European Transition Economies?," MPRA Paper 8875, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Archanun Kohpaiboon, 2003. "Foreign trade regimes and the FDI-Growth Nexus: a case study of Thailand," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(2), pages 55-69.
  10. Yanikkaya, Halit, 2003. "Trade openness and economic growth: a cross-country empirical investigation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 57-89, October.
  11. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:6:y:2007:i:13:p:1-9 is not listed on IDEAS
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