Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Energy consumption and carbon dioxide environmental efficiency for former Soviet Union economies. evidence from DEA window analysis

Contents:

Author Info

  • Arazmuradov, Annageldy

Abstract

The main source of convertible energy—fossil-fuel combustion—generates desirable means for production of national output (GDP) along with an undesirable by-product—carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. This paper investigates the effect of this supply process for environmental quality. By introducing energy and non-energy production factors, we estimate economic and CO2 efficiency. We build an alternative environmental efficiency indicator with respect to CO2 emissions by applying non-parametric data-envelopment analysis (DEA)—window analysis under variable returns to scale (VRS)—to 15 former Soviet Union (FSU) economies for the period 1992–2008. There is a clear distinction between three FSU economies—Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania (now EU member states)—and the rest of the sample in that they display better environmental performance. In these three countries, economic efficiency directly influences the environmental performance. Results also show that over time FSU economies improve their CO2 environmental efficiency and comply with the Kyoto Protocol directives. However, this positive gain comes with costs; it seems there is a tradeoff between positive output production (GDP) and controlling for carbon emission. On average, we observe a 15.9-percent drop in producing GDP, while there is a 1.59 -percent rise in positive environmental CO2 efficiency.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/36903/
File Function: original version
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 36903.

as in new window
Length:
Date of creation: 22 Dec 2011
Date of revision: 24 Feb 2012
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:36903

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Schackstr. 4, D-80539 Munich, Germany
Phone: +49-(0)89-2180-2219
Fax: +49-(0)89-2180-3900
Web page: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: Eurasia; carbon dioxide emissions; environmental efficiency; DEA window analysis;

Find related papers by JEL classification:

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Emrouznejad, Ali & Parker, Barnett R. & Tavares, Gabriel, 2008. "Evaluation of research in efficiency and productivity: A survey and analysis of the first 30 years of scholarly literature in DEA," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 151-157, September.
  2. Tomislav Vukina & John C. Beghin & Ebru G. Solakoglu, 1999. "Transition to Markets and the Environment: Effects of the Change in the Composition of Manufacturing Output," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 99-wp216, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  3. George Halkos & Nickolaos Tzeremes, 2008. "Trade efficiency and economic development: evidence from a cross country comparison," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(21), pages 2749-2764.
  4. Halkos, George E. & Tzeremes, Nickolaos G., 2009. "Economic efficiency and growth in the EU enlargement," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 847-862, November.
  5. Scott, Michael J. & Roop, Joseph M. & Schultz, Robert W. & Anderson, David M. & Cort, Katherine A., 2008. "The impact of DOE building technology energy efficiency programs on U.S. employment, income, and investment," Energy Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 2283-2301, September.
  6. Cooper, W. W. & Seiford, Lawrence M. & Thanassoulis, Emmanuel & Zanakis, Stelios H., 2004. "DEA and its uses in different countries," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 154(2), pages 337-344, April.
  7. Wang, S.S. & Zhou, D.Q. & Zhou, P. & Wang, Q.W., 2011. "CO2 emissions, energy consumption and economic growth in China: A panel data analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 4870-4875, September.
  8. Soytas, Ugur & Sari, Ramazan & Ewing, Bradley T., 2007. "Energy consumption, income, and carbon emissions in the United States," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 62(3-4), pages 482-489, May.
  9. Hettige, Hemamala & Mani, Muthukumara & Wheeler, David, 2000. "Industrial pollution in economic development: the environmental Kuznets curve revisited," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 445-476, August.
  10. Wheeler, David, 2001. "Racing to the bottom : foreign investment and air pollution in developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2524, The World Bank.
  11. Barker, Terry & Ekins, Paul & Foxon, Tim, 2007. "Macroeconomic effects of efficiency policies for energy-intensive industries: The case of the UK Climate Change Agreements, 2000-2010," Energy Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 760-778, July.
  12. Halkos, George Emm. & Tzeremes, Nickolaos G., 2009. "Exploring the existence of Kuznets curve in countries' environmental efficiency using DEA window analysis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 68(7), pages 2168-2176, May.
  13. Robert Webb, 2003. "Levels of efficiency in UK retail banks: a DEA window analysis," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(3), pages 305-322.
  14. Ozturk, Ilhan & Acaravci, Ali, 2010. "CO2 emissions, energy consumption and economic growth in Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(9), pages 3220-3225, December.
  15. Fare, Rolf, et al, 1989. "Multilateral Productivity Comparisons When Some Outputs Are Undesirable: A Nonparametric Approach," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 71(1), pages 90-98, February.
  16. Ang, James B., 2007. "CO2 emissions, energy consumption, and output in France," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(10), pages 4772-4778, October.
  17. Apergis, Nicholas & Payne, James E., 2010. "The emissions, energy consumption, and growth nexus: Evidence from the commonwealth of independent states," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 650-655, January.
  18. Fare, Rolf & Grosskopf, Shawna & Tyteca, Daniel, 1996. "An activity analysis model of the environmental performance of firms--application to fossil-fuel-fired electric utilities," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 161-175, August.
  19. Halkos, George E. & Tzeremes, Nickolaos G., 2011. "Oil consumption and economic efficiency: A comparative analysis of advanced, developing and emerging economies," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 70(7), pages 1354-1362, May.
  20. Zhou, P. & Ang, B.W. & Poh, K.L., 2008. "A survey of data envelopment analysis in energy and environmental studies," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 189(1), pages 1-18, August.
  21. Dasgupta, Susmita & Hettige, Hemamala & Wheeler, David, 2000. "What Improves Environmental Compliance? Evidence from Mexican Industry," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 39-66, January.
  22. Dasgupta, Susmita & Hua Wang & Wheeler, David, 1997. "Surviving success : policy reform and the future of industrial pollution in China," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1856, The World Bank.
  23. Niu, Shuwen & Ding, Yongxia & Niu, Yunzhu & Li, Yixin & Luo, Guanghua, 2011. "Economic growth, energy conservation and emissions reduction: A comparative analysis based on panel data for 8 Asian-Pacific countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(4), pages 2121-2131, April.
  24. Fare, R. & Grosskopf, S. & Hernandez-Sancho, F., 2004. "Environmental performance: an index number approach," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 343-352, December.
  25. Dasgupta, Susmita & Lucas, Robert E.B. & Wheeler, David, 2002. "Plant size, industrial air pollution, and local incomes: evidence from Mexico and Brazil," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(02), pages 365-381, May.
  26. Ang, B. W., 1999. "Is the energy intensity a less useful indicator than the carbon factor in the study of climate change?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(15), pages 943-946, December.
  27. George Emm Halkos & Nickolaos Tzeremes, 2009. "Electricity Generation and Economic Efficiency: Panel Data Evidence from World and East Asian Countries," Global Economic Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(3), pages 251-263.
  28. Hartman, Thomas E. & Storbeck, James E., 1996. "Input congestion in loan operations," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 413-421, December.
  29. Zaim, Osman, 2004. "Measuring environmental performance of state manufacturing through changes in pollution intensities: a DEA framework," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 37-47, January.
  30. Fare, Rolf & Grosskopf, Shawna, 2004. "Modeling undesirable factors in efficiency evaluation: Comment," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 157(1), pages 242-245, August.
  31. Lee, Hiro & Roland-Holst, David, 1997. "The environment and welfare implications of trade and tax policy," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 65-82, February.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:36903. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ekkehart Schlicht).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.