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The behavior and performance of major types of futures traders

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  • Wang, Changyun

Abstract

This article examines the behavior and performance of speculators and hedgers in 15 U.S. futures markets. We find that after controlling for market risk factors, speculators are contrarians, but respond positively to market sentiment. In contrast, hedgers engage in positive feedback trading and trade against market sentiment. We also find that trades of speculators (hedgers) are positively (negatively) correlated with subsequent abnormal returns; however, it does not appear that speculators possess superior forecasting power. Therefore, hedging pressure effects likely explain the negative relation between the performance of speculators and hedgers. The positive feedback trading by hedgers together with their negative performance suggests that hedgers have a destabilizing impact on futures prices.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/36426/
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 36426.

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Date of creation: Dec 2001
Date of revision: Jul 2002
Publication status: Published in Journal of Futures Markets 1.23(2003): pp. 1-31
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:36426

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Keywords: Trader behavior; perfromance; hedgers; speculators;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Gospodinov, Nikolay & Jamali, Ibrahim, 2013. "Monetary policy surprises, positions of traders, and changes in commodity futures prices," Working Paper 2013-12, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
  2. Thomas Klitgaard & Laura Weir, 2004. "Exchange rate changes and net positions of speculators in the futures market," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue May, pages 17-28.
  3. Gary B. Gorton & Fumio Hayashi & K. Geert Rouwenhorst, 2007. "The Fundamentals of Commodity Futures Returns," NBER Working Papers 13249, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Cetin Ciner, 2006. "Hedging or speculation in derivative markets: the case of energy futures contracts," Applied Financial Economics Letters, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 2(3), pages 189-192, May.
  5. Röthig, Andreas & Chiarella, Carl, 2006. "Investigating nonlinear speculation in cattle, corn, and hog futures markets using logistic smooth transition regression models," Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics 36774, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute of Economics (VWL).
  6. Sanders, Dwight R. & Irwin, Scott H. & Merrin, Robert P., 2007. "Smart Money? The Forecasting Ability of CFTC Large Traders," 2007 Conference, April 16-17, 2007, Chicago, Illinois 37556, NCCC-134 Conference on Applied Commodity Price Analysis, Forecasting, and Market Risk Management.
  7. Sanders, Dwight R. & Irwin, Scott H. & Merrin, Robert P., 2008. "The Adequacy of Speculation in Agricultural Futures Markets: Too Much of a Good Thing?," Marketing and Outlook Research Reports 37512, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics.
  8. Cunningham, Lewis T., III & Brorsen, B. Wade & Anderson, Kim B., 2004. "Explaining Differences In Prices Received By Farmers: Testing Theory Based On Actual Farmer Transactions," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20275, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  9. Aaron Tornell & Chunming Yuan, . "Speculation and Hedging in the Currency Futures Markets: Are They Informative to the Spot Exchange Rates," UMBC Economics Department Working Papers 09-116, UMBC Department of Economics, revised 01 Nov 2009.

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