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A comparison of nominal regression and logistic regression for contingency tables, including the 2 × 2 × 2 case in causality


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  • Colignatus, Thomas


Logistic regression (LR) is one of the most used estimation techniques for nominal data collected in contingency tables, and the question arises how the recently proposed concept of nominal correlation and regression (NCR) relates to it. (1) LR targets the cells in the contingency table while NCR targets only the variables. (2) Where the methods seem to overlap, such as in the 2 × 2 × 2 case, there still is the difference between the use of categories by LR (notably the categories Success, Cause and Confounder) and the use of variables by NCR (notably the variables Effect, Truth and Confounding). (3) Since LR looks for the most parsimonious model, the analysis might be helped by NCR, that is very parsimonious since it uses only the variables and not all the cells of the contingency table. (4) While LR may generate statistically significant regressions, NRC may show that the correlation still is low. (5) Risk difference regression may be a bridge to understand more about the difference between LR and NCR. (6) The use of LR and NCR next to each other may help to focus on the research question and the amount of detail required for it.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 3615.

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Date of creation: 19 Jun 2007
Date of revision: 19 Jun 2007
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:3615

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Keywords: Experimental economics; causality; cause and effect; confounding; contingency table; epidemiology; correlation; regression; logistic regression;

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  1. Colignatus, Thomas, 2007. "A measure of association (correlation) in nominal data (contingency tables), using determinants," MPRA Paper 2662, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Apr 2007.
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Cited by:
  1. Colignatus, Thomas, 2007. "The 2 x 2 x 2 case in causality, of an effect, a cause and a confounder. A cross-over’s guide to the 2 x 2 x 2 contingency table," MPRA Paper 3351, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 14 May 2007.
  2. Colignatus, Thomas, 2007. "Correlation and regression in contingency tables. A measure of association or correlation in nominal data (contingency tables), using determinants," MPRA Paper 3394, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 07 Jun 2007.


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