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Are households’ poverty levels in Mekong Delta of Vietnam affected by access to credit?

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  • Vuong Quoc, Duy

Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of access to formal credit on household poverty in Mekong Delta (MD) – Vietnam. The analysis is based on some indicators of household poverty such as households’ total assets, educational costs, healthcare costs, food consumption, non-farm expenses, off-farm expenses and total income. Based on the given indicators, a comparison is made between borrowers and non-borrowers in a sample of 325 households using the Matching Methods. The findings suggest that the borrowers are better off in education expenditure, healthcare expenses, and total income than those of non-borrowers. The results show that access to formal credit is likely to reduce poverty levels among rural households in Mekong Delta.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 35412.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:35412

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Keywords: Formal credit; propensity score matching; household welfare; individual and group based lending;

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  1. Francis Nathan Okurut, 2006. "Access to credit by the poor in South Africa: Evidence from Household Survey Data 1995 and 2000," Working Papers 13/2006, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics.
  2. Cally Ardington & David Lam & Murray Leibbrandt & James Levinsohn, 2004. "Savings, Insurance And Debt Over The Post-Apartheid Period: A Review Of Recent Research," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 72(3), pages 604-640, 09.
  3. Morduch, Jonathan, 1999. "The role of subsidies in microfinance: evidence from the Grameen Bank," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 229-248, October.
  4. Matthieu Chemin, 2008. "The Benefits and Costs of Microfinance: Evidence from Bangladesh," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(4), pages 463-484.
  5. Heckman, James J & Ichimura, Hidehiko & Todd, Petra, 1998. "Matching as an Econometric Evaluation Estimator," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 65(2), pages 261-94, April.
  6. Martin Ravallion & Dominique van de Walle, 2008. "Land in Transition : Reform and Poverty in Rural Vietnam," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6433, October.
  7. Kochar, Anjini, 1997. "An empirical investigation of rationing constraints in rural credit markets in India," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 339-371, August.
  8. Bell, Clive & Srinivasan, T N & Udry, Christopher, 1997. "Rationing, Spillover, and Interlinking in Credit Markets: The Case of Rural Punjab," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 49(4), pages 557-85, October.
  9. Heckman, James J & Ichimura, Hidehiko & Todd, Petra E, 1997. "Matching as an Econometric Evaluation Estimator: Evidence from Evaluating a Job Training Programme," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(4), pages 605-54, October.
  10. Diagne, Aliou & Zeller, Manfred, 2001. "Access to credit and its impact on welfare in Malawi:," Research reports 116, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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