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Theory of financial integration and achievements in the European Union

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  • Stavarek, Daniel
  • Repkova, Iveta
  • Gajdosova, Katarina

Abstract

Financial integration is the process that has been occurring in the European Union for many years and that intensified after adoption of the common currency in 1999. This paper discusses the theoretical framework of financial integration, particularly the definition, typology, benefits and drawbacks. More opportunities for risk sharing and diversification, better allocation of capital among investment opportunities, and potential for higher economic growth were identified as the crucial benefits of financial integration. By contrast, we consider increased vulnerability to external macroeconomic shocks and financial crises transmitted to higher output and consumption volatility as the most serious drawbacks of financial integration. The paper also summarizes the progress in financial integration that has been achieved in individual segments of the European Union financial sector. It is evident that the most integrated are the euro area money market and the government bonds markets. The remaining financial markets are still rather fragmented.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 34393.

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Date of creation: 15 Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:34393

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Keywords: financial integration; financial markets; European Union; euro area;

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