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The Dynamics of Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth:A Revisit Study of Their Causality in Pakistan

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  • Muhammad, Shahbaz
  • Lean, Hooi Hooi

Abstract

This study revisits the relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth in Pakistan by controlling and investigating the effects of two major production factors - capital and labor. The empirical evidence confirms the cointegration among the variables and indicates that electricity consumption has a positive effect on economic growth. Moreover, bi-directional Ganger causality between electricity consumption and economic growth has been found. The findings suggests that adoption of electricity conservation policies to conserve energy resources may unwittingly decline growth and the lower growth rate will in turn further decrease the demand for electricity. Therefore, governments contemplating such conservationist policies should instead explore and develop alternate sources of energy as a strategy rather than just increasing electricity production per se in order to meet the rising demand for electricity in their quest towards sustaining development in the country.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 33196.

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Date of creation: 01 Sep 2011
Date of revision: 06 Sep 2011
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:33196

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Keywords: Electricity Consumption; Economic Growth; Ganger Causality;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Muhammad, Shahbaz & Muhammad, Zeshan & Talat, Afza, 2012. "Is energy consumption effective to spur economic growth in Pakistan? new evidence from bounds test to level relationships and Granger causality tests," MPRA Paper 39734, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 29 Jun 2012.
  2. Shahateet, Mohammed, 2014. "Modeling Economic Growth and Energy Consumption in Arab Countries: Cointegration and Causality Analysis," MPRA Paper 57304, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Solarin, Sakiru Adebola & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2013. "Trivariate Causality between Economic Growth, Urbanisation and Electricity Consumption in Angola: Cointegration and Causality Analysis," MPRA Paper 45580, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 19 Mar 2013.
  4. Tang, Chor Foon & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2013. "Sectoral analysis of the causal relationship between electricity consumption and real output in Pakistan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 885-891.
  5. Muhammad, Shahbaz & Qazi, Muhammad Adnan Hye & Muhammad, Zeshan, 2012. "Is Renewable Energy Consumption Effective to Promote Economic Growth in Pakistan: Evidence from Bounds Testing and Rolling Window Approach," MPRA Paper 41608, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 27 Sep 2012.
  6. Saleheen, Khan & Farooq Ahmed, Jam & Muhammad, Shahbaz, 2012. "Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth in Kazakhstan: Fresh Evidence from a Multivariate Framework Analysis," MPRA Paper 43460, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Dec 2012.
  7. Hamdi, Helmi & Sbia, Rashid & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2013. "The Nexus between Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth in Bahrain," MPRA Paper 48472, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 19 Jul 2013.
  8. Muhammad, Shahbaz & Tiwari, Aviral Kumar & Khan, Saleheen, 2012. "Is Energy Consumption Per Capita Stationary? Evidence from First and Second Generation Panel Unit Root Tests," MPRA Paper 41607, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 27 Sep 2012.
  9. Tang, Chor Foon & Abosedra, Salah, 2014. "The impacts of tourism, energy consumption and political instability on economic growth in the MENA countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 458-464.
  10. Satti, Saqlain Latif & Hassan, Muhammad shahid & Mahmood, Haider & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2013. "Coal Consumption: An Alternate Energy Resource to Fuel Economic Growth in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 50147, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 17 Sep 2013.
  11. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Salah Uddin, Gazi & Ur Rehman, Ijaz & Imran, Kashif, 2014. "Industrialization, electricity consumption and CO2 emissions in Bangladesh," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 575-586.
  12. Zeshan, Muhammad, 2013. "Finding the cointegration and causal linkages between the electricity production and economic growth in Pakistan," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 344-350.
  13. Al-mulali, Usama & Fereidouni, Hassan Gholipour & Lee, Janice Ym & Sab, Che Normee Binti Che, 2013. "Examining the bi-directional long run relationship between renewable energy consumption and GDP growth," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 22(C), pages 209-222.
  14. Alkhathlan, Khalid & Javid, Muhammad, 2013. "Energy consumption, carbon emissions and economic growth in Saudi Arabia: An aggregate and disaggregate analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1525-1532.
  15. Al-mulali, Usama & Fereidouni, Hassan Gholipour & Lee, Janice Y.M., 2014. "Electricity consumption from renewable and non-renewable sources and economic growth: Evidence from Latin American countries," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 290-298.
  16. Sebri, Maamar & Ben Salha, Ousama, 2013. "On the causal dynamics between economic growth, renewable energy consumption, CO2 emissions and trade openness: Fresh evidence from BRICS countries," MPRA Paper 52535, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  17. Tang, Chor Foon & Shahbaz, Muhammad & Arouri, Mohamed, 2013. "Re-investigating the electricity consumption and economic growth nexus in Portugal," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1515-1524.
  18. Kantar, Ersin & Keskin, Mustafa, 2013. "The relationships between electricity consumption and GDP in Asian countries, using hierarchical structure methods," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(22), pages 5678-5684.
  19. Muhammad, Shahbaz & Lean, Hooi Hooi & Abdul, Farooq, 2012. "Natural Gas Consumption and Economic Growth in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 40959, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 30 Aug 2012.

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