From national monopoly to Multinational Corporation: how regulation shaped the road towards telecommunications internationalization
AbstractOne of the consequences of major regulatory reform of the telecommunications sector from the end of the 1970s – particularly, privatization, liberalization and deregulation – was the establishment of a new business environment which permitted former national telecommunications monopolies to expand internationally. From the 1990s, a number of these firms, particularly those based in Europe, joined the rankings of the world’s leading Multinational Corporations. Their internationalization was uneven, however: while some firms internationalised strongly, others went abroad much slower. This article explores how the regulatory framework within which telecommunications incumbents evolved over the long-term helped shape their subsequent, uneven, paths to internationalization. Two cases representing ´maximum variation´ are selected: Telefónica, whose early and unrelenting expansion transformed it into one of the world’s most international of Multinational Corporations, and BT, whose international ventures failed and, with decline domestic shares, forced the firm to partial de-internationalization, becoming the least international of the large European incumbents. Long-term ownership, access to capital, management style and exposure to liberalization strongly influenced firms’ approaches to internationalization.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 33017.
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Regulation; Telecommunications; Internationalization; Europe; Privatization; Liberalization; Multinational Corporations;
Other versions of this item:
- Judith Clifton & Francisco Comín & Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, 2011. "From national monopoly to multinational corporation: How regulation shaped the road towards telecommunications internationalisation," Business History, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(5), pages 761-781, August.
- L96 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Telecommunications
- N74 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Europe: 1913-
- L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
- F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
- N44 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: 1913-
- N84 - Economic History - - Micro-Business History - - - Europe: 1913-
- L98 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Government Policy
- H82 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Governmental Property
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-09-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-HIS-2011-09-05 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-HME-2011-09-05 (Heterodox Microeconomics)
- NEP-IND-2011-09-05 (Industrial Organization)
- NEP-REG-2011-09-05 (Regulation)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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