Geographic concentration and firm survival
AbstractIf localization economies are present, firms within denser industry concentrations should exhibit higher levels of performance than more isolated firms. Nevertheless, research in industrial organization that has focused on the influences on firm survival has largely ignored the potential effects from agglomeration. Recent studies in urban and regional economics suggests that agglomeration effects may be very localized. Analyses of industry concentration at the MSA or county-level may fail to detect important elements of intra-industry firm interaction that occur at the sub-MSA level. Using a highly detailed dataset on firm locations and characteristics for Texas, this paper analyses agglomeration effects on firm survival over geographic areas as small as a single mile radius. We find that greater firm density within very close proximity (within 1 mile) of firms in the same industry increases mortality rates while greater concentration over larger distances reduces mortality rates.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 32906.
Date of creation: 19 Aug 2011
Date of revision:
Firm Survival; Agglomeration; Localization; and Knowledge Externalities;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O18 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-09-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-COM-2011-09-05 (Industrial Competition)
- NEP-CSE-2011-09-05 (Economics of Strategic Management)
- NEP-EFF-2011-09-05 (Efficiency & Productivity)
- NEP-GEO-2011-09-05 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-SBM-2011-09-05 (Small Business Management)
- NEP-URE-2011-09-05 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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