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Upstream innovation protection: common law evolution and the dynamics of wage inequality

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  • Cozzi, Guido
  • Galli, Silvia

Abstract

The incentives to conduct basic or applied research play a central role for economic growth, and this question has not been explored in much detail so far. How does increasing early innovation appropriability affect basic research, applied research, education, and wage inequality? In the US, what does the common law system imply on the macroeconomic responses to institutional change? This paper analyzes the macroeconomic effects of patent protection by incorporating a two-stage cumulative innovation structure into a quality-ladder growth model with skill acquisition. We consider three issues (a) the over-protection vs. the under-protection of intellectual property rights; (b) the evolution of jurisprudence shaping the bargaining power of the upstream innovators; and (c) the implications of strengthening patent protection on wage inequality and growth. We show analytically and numerically how the jurisprudential changes in intellectual property rights witnessed in the US after 1980 can be related to the well-known changes in wage inequality and in education attainments. Basic research patents may have grown disproportionately due increasing jurisdictional protection, eventually compromising applied innovation, education, and growth. By simulations, we show that the dynamic general equilibrium interations may mislead the econometric assessment of the temporary vs persistent effects IPR policy.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 31902.

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Date of creation: 22 Mar 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:31902

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Keywords: Basic and Applied R&D; Two-Stage Sequential Innovation; Skill Premium; Inequality and Education; Common Law.;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Chu, Angus C. & Cozzi, Guido & Galli, Silvia, 2010. "Does intellectual monopoly stimulate or stifle innovation?," MPRA Paper 29061, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Shiyuan Pan & Heng-fu Zou & Tailong Li, 2010. "Patent Protection, Technological Change and Wage Inequality," CEMA Working Papers, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics 437, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
  3. Shiyuan Pan & Tailong Li & Heng-fu Zou, 2012. "Patent Protection, Technological Change and Wage Inequality: Theory," CEMA Working Papers, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics 537, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
  4. Davis, Lewis S. & Şener, Fuat, 2012. "Private patent protection in the theory of Schumpeterian growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 56(7), pages 1446-1460.
  5. Hans Gersbach & Maik Schneider & Olivier Schneller, 2013. "Basic research, openness, and convergence," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 33-68, March.
  6. Chu, Angus C., 2009. "Macroeconomic Effects of Intellectual Property Rights: A Survey," MPRA Paper 17342, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Shiyuan Pan & Mengbo Zhang & Heng-fu Zou, 2013. "The Effects of Patent Protection: A Growth Model with Status Preference," CEMA Working Papers, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics 574, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
  8. Saini, Swati & Mehra, Meeta K, 2014. "Impact of strengthening Intellectual Property Rights Regime on income inequality: An econometric analysis," MPRA Paper 56710, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 12 Jun 2014.
  9. Chu, Angus C. & Furukawa, Yuichi, 2011. "Growth and Welfare Effects of Patentability and Knowledge Spillovers of Basic R&D," MPRA Paper 27813, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Hans Gersbach & Maik T. Schneider, 2013. "On the Global Supply of Basic Research," CER-ETH Economics working paper series, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research (CER-ETH) at ETH Zurich 13/175, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research (CER-ETH) at ETH Zurich.
  11. Shiyuan Pan & Mengbo Zhang & Heng-fu Zou, 2011. "Status Preference and the Effects of Patent Protection: Theory and Evidence," CEMA Working Papers, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics 588, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.

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