The Allocation of Public Goods and National Elections in Ghana
AbstractThe body of literature on purely democratic countries can sometimes fail to explain the behavior of government in semi-democratic African countries. Empirical and theoretical political economic papers find that public funds target ruling party supporters and swing districts. Our results, however, suggest that the opposite was true of Ghana. We observe that pro-government districts received less public investment when the NDC was in power. We posit that this finding is partially driven by the government's will to curry favor with opposition politicians. Indeed, in addition to pursuing its electoral objectives, the government of an emerging democracy may fear political instability and keep the lid on potential unrest by bargaining with opposition leaders. Our analysis also shows that, when controlling for votes and other covariates (including wealth, urbanization and density), public goods allocation is not driven by ethnic group targeting either.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 29873.
Date of creation: Jan 2011
Date of revision:
Public goods; elections; ethnic; Africa; Ghana;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O1 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
- D7 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making
- R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2011-04-09 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2011-04-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-CDM-2011-04-09 (Collective Decision-Making)
- NEP-PBE-2011-04-09 (Public Economics)
- NEP-POL-2011-04-09 (Positive Political Economics)
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