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Financial development, bank savings mobilization and economic performance in Ghana: evidence from a multivariate structural VAR

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  • Adenutsi, Deodat E.

Abstract

This paper examines the implications of financial development for commercial bank savings mobilisation and economic performance in Ghana since the pursuit of financial reforms programme in September 1987. To achieve this objective a Structural Vector Autoregressive (SVAR) model on quarterly time series data spanning from 1987(3) to 2009(4) was employed. The methodological approach of the analysis hinged on the verification of the theoretical stance that financial development promotes improved financial intermediation, efficient resource mobilisation and allocation for higher economic performance. The empirical results suggest that, in Ghana, financial development has enhanced the performance of commercial banks by way of savings mobilisation but adversely impacted on long-run economic performance directly. Thus, financial development can only enhance long-run economic performance indirectly through increased savings mobilised by banks. The success of Ghana’s financial reform programme is largely contingent on the depth of the financial market, which should be considered as the starting point in the sequencing of policy implementation. It is concluded that prudent and rigorous policy measures that will further enhance financial deepening are critically required and this should be seen by policymakers in Ghana as the necessary condition for resource mobilisation and long-run economic performance.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 29571.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Publication status: Published in International Journal of Development Research and Quantitative Techniques 2.1(2011): pp. 3-24
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:29571

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Keywords: Financial Development; Bank Savings Mobilisation; Economic Performance; SVAR Model;

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  1. Fry, Maxwell J, 1978. "Money and Capital or Financial Deepening in Economic Development?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 10(4), pages 464-75, November.
  2. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2232, David K. Levine.
  3. Giovannini, Alberto, 1985. "Saving and the real interest rate in LDCs," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2-3), pages 197-217, August.
  4. Oriana Bandiera & Gerard Caprio Jr. & Patrick Honohan & Fabio Schiantarelli, 1998. "Does Financial Reform Raise or Reduce Savings?," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 413, Boston College Department of Economics.
  5. McKinnon, Ronald I, 1988. "Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies for International Financial Stability: A Proposal," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 2(1), pages 83-103, Winter.
  6. King, Robert G & Levine, Ross, 1993. "Finance and Growth: Schumpeter Might Be Right," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 108(3), pages 717-37, August.
  7. Nii K. Sowa & Ivy K. Acquaye, 1999. "Financial and foreign exchange markets liberalization in Ghana," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(3), pages 385-409.
  8. Rousseau, Peter L & Wachtel, Paul, 1998. "Financial Intermediation and Economic Performance: Historical Evidence from Five Industrialized Countries," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 30(4), pages 657-78, November.
  9. Adenutsi, Deodat E., 2011. "Financial development, international migrant remittances, and endogenous growth in Ghana," MPRA Paper 29330, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Andrés Escobar & Mauricio Cardenas, 1997. "Savings Determinants in Colombia: 1925-1994," Research Department Publications 3009, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  11. Hermes, N., 1992. "Financial Development of Economic Growth: A Survey of the Literature," Papers, Groningen State, Institute of Economic Research- 504, Groningen State, Institute of Economic Research-.
  12. Carmen M. Reinhart & Ioannis Tokatlidis, 2003. "Financial Liberalisation: The African Experience," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 12(Supplemen), pages 53-88, September.
  13. Kevin C. Murdock & Thomas F. Hellmann & Joseph E. Stiglitz, 2000. "Liberalization, Moral Hazard in Banking, and Prudential Regulation: Are Capital Requirements Enough?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(1), pages 147-165, March.
  14. Moore, Tomoe & Green, Christopher J. & Murinde, Victor, 2006. "Financial sector reforms and stochastic policy simulations: A flow of funds model for India," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 319-333, April.
  15. Iimi, Atsushi, 2004. "Banking sector reforms in Pakistan: economies of scale and scope, and cost complementarities," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 507-528, June.
  16. Luintel, Kul B. & Khan, Mosahid, 1999. "A quantitative reassessment of the finance-growth nexus: evidence from a multivariate VAR," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 381-405, December.
  17. Reinhart, Carmen & Tokatlidis, Ioannis, 2005. "Before and After Financial Liberalization," MPRA Paper 6986, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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