The impact of post-9/11 visa policies on travel to the United States
AbstractThis paper examines the impact of post-9/11 changes in visa and security policy on business and leisure travel to the United States. American businesses, tourism industry representatives, and politicians pointed to changes in visa policies as being responsible for a sharp decline in short-term visitors following the September 11 attacks. Several foreign governments likewise complained that visa requirements and other security measures were making it difficult for their citizens to travel to the United States. Using an empirical model which distinguishes the impact of visa policy from economic and country-specific factors, we find that changes in visa policy in the aftermath of 9/11 were not important contributors to the decrease in travel to the United States. Rather, the reduction in entries was largest among travelers who were not required to obtain a visa.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 2952.
Date of creation: Apr 2007
Date of revision:
Visa Policy; Differences-in-differences; Economics of National Security;
Other versions of this item:
- Neiman, Brent & Swagel, Phillip, 2009. "The impact of post-9/11 visa policies on travel to the United States," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(1), pages 86-99, June.
- F52 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - National Security; Economic Nationalism
- F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
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- Ayumu Tanaka, 2013. "Geographic Concentration of Foreign Visitors to Japan," Discussion papers e-12-013, Graduate School of Economics Project Center, Kyoto University.
- Robert Lawson & Jayme Lemke, 2012. "Travel visas," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 153(1), pages 17-36, October.
- TANAKA Ayumu, 2013. "Geographic Concentration of Foreign Visitors to Japan," Discussion papers 13008, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
- Farai Jena & Barry Reilly, 2013. "The determinants of United Kingdom student visa demand from developing countries," IZA Journal of Labor & Development, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 1-22, December.
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