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The Long Term Impacts of Migration in British Cities: Diversity, Wages, Employment and Prices

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  • Nathan, Max

Abstract

British cities are becoming more culturally diverse, with migration a main driver. Is this growing diversity good for urban economies? This paper explores, using a new 16-year panel of UK cities. Over time, net migration affects both local labour markets and the wider economy. Average labour market impacts appear neutral. Dynamic effects may be positive on UK-born workers’ productivity and wages (via production complementarities for higher skill workers) or negative on employment (if migrants progressively displace lower-skill natives from specific sectors). The results, which survive causality checks, suggest both processes are operating in British cities. Long-term industrial decline and casualisation of entry-level jobs help explain the employment findings.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 29465.

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Date of creation: 15 Feb 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:29465

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Keywords: cities; migration; cultural diversity; labour markets; productivity; urban economics;

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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Productivity vs immigration
    by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2011-04-07 12:58:12
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Cited by:
  1. Dirk Dohse & Robert Gold, 2013. "Measuring Cultural Diversity at a Regional Level," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 10, WWWforEurope.
  2. Rosa Sanchis-Guarner, 2014. "First-Come First-Served: Identifying the Demand Effect of Immigration Inflows on House Prices," SERC Discussion Papers, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE 0160, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
  3. Max Nathan, 2014. "The wider economic impacts of high-skilled migrants: a survey of the literature for receiving countries," IZA Journal of Migration, Springer, Springer, vol. 3(1), pages 1-20, December.
  4. Ron Boschma & Rikard Eriksson & Urban Lindgren, 2013. "Labour market externalities and regional growth in Sweden: The importance of labour mobility between skill-related industries," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG), Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography 1318, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Oct 2013.
  5. Max Nathan, 2011. "The Economics of Super-Diversity: Findings from British Cities, 2001-2006," SERC Discussion Papers, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE 0068, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
  6. Thomas Kemeny, 2013. "Immigrant Diversity and Economic Development in Cities: A Critical Review," SERC Discussion Papers, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE 0149, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
  7. Dirk Dohse & Robert Gold, 2014. "Determining the Impact of Cultural Diversity on Regional Economies in Europe," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 58, WWWforEurope.
  8. Stephan Brunow & Hanna Brenzel, 2012. "The effect of a culturally diverse labour supply on regional income in the EU," Empirica, Springer, Springer, vol. 39(4), pages 461-485, November.
  9. Neil Lee & Max Nathan, 2011. "Does cultural diversity help innovation in cities: evidence from London firms," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 33579, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  10. Dr Max Nathan, 2013. "The Wider Economic Impacts Of High-Skilled Migrants: A Survey Of The Literature," NIESR Discussion Papers, National Institute of Economic and Social Research 11607, National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
  11. Luisa Alamá-Sabater & Maite Alguacil & Joan Serafí Bernat-Martí, 2014. "Location determinants of migrant inflows: The Spanish case?," Working Papers, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain) 2014/07, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).
  12. Neil Lee, 2013. "Cultural Diversity, Cities and Innovation: firm Effects or City Effects?," SERC Discussion Papers, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE 0144, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.

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