A Model of Technology Transfer in Japan's Rapid Economic Growth Period
AbstractWhy did the Japanese economy stagnate before World War II, how did it achieve rapid economic growth after the war, and why did it stagnate again after the 1970s? To answer these questions, I developed a two-country trade model with technology transfer, where rms in the two countries compete in a Bertrand fashion, where rms in a developed country (the U.S.) transfer technology to rms in a developing country (Japan) if it is protable to do so, and where the technology transfer is the engine of economic growth. In this model, among multiple equilibria, the equilibrium with low labor cost in Japan was chosen during the rapid growth period. As a result, the rms in the developed country transferred technology to the rms in the developing country, resulting in rapid growth. However, during the other periods, the equilibrium with high labor cost in Japan was chosen, which caused stagnation. The model is quantitatively consistent with the per capita GDP relative to the U.S., the purchasing power parity-exchange rate ratio, and to some degree, the swings in labor share of postwar Japan.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 29235.
Date of creation: 01 Mar 2011
Date of revision:
Japan's rapid economic growth; Licensing; Technology transfer; Undervaluation of yen.;
Other versions of this item:
- Aoki, Shuhei, 2011. "A Model of Technology Transfer in Japan's Rapid Economic Growth Period," IIR Working Paper 11-05, Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University.
- O11 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
- O41 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
- F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-03-12 (All new papers)
- NEP-FDG-2011-03-12 (Financial Development & Growth)
- NEP-IPR-2011-03-12 (Intellectual Property Rights)
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