Productividad del trabajo en la industria maquiladora del norte de México: un análisis de convergencia
[Labor productivity in the export maquiladora industry of Mexico: a convergence analysis]
AbstractAbstract: The present study analyses the labor productivity performance in the export maquiladora industry of Mexico (EMI), by sectors and states, comparing the northern border region to the rest of Mexican states during the period 1990-1999. The study is based on conditional convergence analysis applied to labor productivity. The results showed that the states with higher labor productivity were Morelos, Jalisco and the state of Mexico. The pooled least squares showed the existence of absolute divergence in labor productivity for all sectors. Finally, the econometric estimates of conditional convergence did not show any impact of the qualified labor force variable. When including the rate of growth of capital formation and real wages the results exhibit a weak conditional convergence trend. The fixed effect panel model estimates suggest favorable state conditions for labor productivity growth in the states of Nuevo Leon, Baja California and Chihuahua.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 2810.
Date of creation: Jul 2004
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Econoquantum number 1.Vol. 1(2004): pp. 57-82
JEL Code: R; R11; LS;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O47 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
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