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Impacts of HIV/AIDS on labour allocation and agrobiodiversity depend on the stage of the epidemic: case studies in Ethiopia

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  • Gebreselassie, Kidist
  • Price, Lisa
  • Wesseler, Justus
  • van Ierland, Ekko

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of HIV/AIDS on labour allocation, crop choice and agrobiodiversity in Jimma Zone, south-western Ethiopia. The study comprised a survey of 205 farm households and an in-depth analysis of four rural households. HIV/AIDS caused households to increase sharecropping their land and led to more crop species grown in the home garden. The results show that the impact of HIV/AIDS on labour allocation and crop diversity depends on the stage of the disease and on which family member is (or members are) affected. Also labour allocation plays an important role, because of the options of having sharecropping contracts or opportunities for off-farm labour. The role of land tenure system in expanding the labour allocation and income-generating options has implications for intervention strategies in the various phases of the disease, both for men and women.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 25608.

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Date of creation: Dec 2008
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Publication status: Published in NJAS – Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 3.56(2008): pp. 219-240
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:25608

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Keywords: case study; crop diversity; labour organization; health;

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  1. Gillespie, Stuart & Kadiyala, Suneetha, 2005. "HIV/AIDs and food and nutrition security," Food policy reviews, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 7, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  2. Gebreselassie, Kidist & Wesseler, Justus & van Ierland, Ekko C., 2007. "The Effect of HIV/AIDS Driven Labor Organization on Agrobiodiversity: an Empirical Study in Ethiopia," 106th Seminar, October 25-27, 2007, Montpellier, France, European Association of Agricultural Economists 7929, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  3. Lawrence Haddad & Stuart Gillespie, 2001. "Effective food and nutrition policy responses to HIV|AIDS: what we know and what we need to know," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(4), pages 487-511.
  4. Yamano, Takashi & Jayne, Thomas S., 2002. "Measuring The Impacts Of Prime-Age Adult Death On Rural Households In Kenya," Staff Papers, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics 11632, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  5. Beckmann, Volker & Wesseler, Justus, 2003. "How labour organization may affect technology adoption: an analytical framework analysing the case of integrated pest management," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(03), pages 437-450, July.
  6. Loevinsohn, Michael & Gillespie, Stuart, 2003. "HIV/AIDS, food security and rural livelihoods," FCND briefs, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 157, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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