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Les déterminants du niveau et de l’inégalité de la pauvreté au Cameroun : Une analyse de décomposition multidimensionnelle
[Determinants of the level of inequality and poverty in Cameroon: A multidimensional decomposition analysis]

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Author Info

  • Chameni Nembua, Célestin
  • Miamo Wendji, Clovis

Abstract

L’adoption du cadre théorique de l’approche des capabilités de SEN qui présente la pauvreté comme la privation de fonctionnements élémentaires en terme de logement, santé, emploi, loisir, relations sociales et ressources économiques, associée à la théorie des ensembles flous (CERIOLI et ZANI [1990]) et à la décomposition d’inégalités par les sources (SHAPLEY-SHORROCKS [1999]), nous permet d’analyser les privations en termes d’inégalités de pauvreté au Cameroun. Les résultats de notre étude révèlent que, les capabiltés humaines (instruction, logement) et les capabilités économiques (emploi, autre confort) expliquent aussi bien le niveau élevé de la pauvreté totale que celui des inégalités de la pauvreté. Ces résultats laissent présager une forte vulnérabilité de certaines catégories de ménages face à la pauvreté. The theoretical framework of SEN's capabilities approach presents poverty as a deprivation of elementary functioning in terms of housing, health, employment, leisure, social relations and economic resources. Association of the SEN’s approach with the fuzzy set theory (CERIOLI et ZANI [1990]) and the decomposition by sources (SHAPLEY-SHORROCKS [1999]), enables the analysis of deprivation in terms of inequality of poverty in Cameroon. From our application, we can see that in most cases, human capabilities (instruction, housing) as well as economic capabilities (employment, leisure) are those which explain the high level of total poverty. These results are substantially identical as regards the inequality of poverty. This suggests that Cameroonian households would be concern by vulnerability conditions facing poverty.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 25215.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:25215

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Keywords: Ensembles flous; Pauvreté; Inégalité de pauvreté; Vulnérabilité; Cameroun Fuzzy sets; Poverty; Inequality of Poverty; Vulnerability; Cameroon.;

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  1. Gaiha, Raghav & Imai, Katsushi, 2008. "Measuring Vulnerability and Poverty: Estimates for Rural India," Working Paper Series RP2008/40, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  2. François Bourguignon & Christian Morrisson, 2002. "Inequality Among World Citizens: 1820-1992," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(4), pages 727-744, September.
  3. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
  4. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-31, March.
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