The sustainability of trade balances in Sub-Saharan Africa: panel cointegration tests with cross-section dependence
AbstractThis paper investigates the sustainability of trade balances in the Sub-Saharan African regions, using both the panel unit root (IPS) test proposed by Im et al. (2003) and the cross-sectionally augmented version of the IPS (CIPS test) suggested by Pesaran (2007), where the former test is based on the assumption of cross-section independence and the latter allows for it. On the one hand, the empirical results based on the IPS test indicate that the balance of trade in Sub-Saharan African regions is sustainable. On the other hand, the empirical results of the CIPS test reveal that it is not. Since cross-section dependence was recognized using the CD test developed by Pesaran (2004), the empirical results based on the IPS test could be spurious.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 24054.
Date of creation: 22 Jul 2010
Date of revision:
sustainability; trade balances; Sub-Saharan Africa; CIPS test;
Other versions of this item:
- Yoshihiro Hashiguchi & Shigeyuki Hamori, 2012. "The sustainability of trade balances in sub-Saharan Africa: panel cointegration tests with cross-section dependence," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(2), pages 161-165, February.
- O11 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
- F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
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