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Social capital, social enterprises, public spending and well-being in Italy
[Capitale sociale, imprese sociali, spesa pubblica e benessere sociale in Italia]

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  • Fabio, Sabatini

Abstract

Questo articolo descrive i risultati di una prima analisi esplorativa sulla relazione tra capitale sociale, imprese sociali e qualità dello sviluppo economico in Italia. Il capitale sociale viene rilevato nei suoi aspetti “strutturali”, identificati con le reti di relazioni interpersonali e con la presenza di imprese sociali sul territorio. I dati sono tratti dalle indagini multiscopo condotte dall’Istat su un campione di circa ventimila famiglie tra il 1998 e il 2002 e dall'ultimo rapporto dell'Istat sulle cooperative sociali. Lo sviluppo è misurato da un insieme complesso di variabili che comprende l’indice di sviluppo umano e indicatori che misurano l’efficienza dei servizi pubblici in alcuni settori critici dal punto di vista del benessere sociale, il rispetto delle pari opportunità, la rilevanza del precariato nel mercato del lavoro e lo stato di salute degli ecosistemi urbani. La struttura delle correlazioni tra le variabili è analizzata mediante una serie di analisi in componenti principali di tipo esplorativo. L’evidenza empirica mostra che in Italia la qualità dello sviluppo è significativamente e positivamente correlata con la presenza di reti di relazioni informali, di organizzazioni volontarie e di imprese sociali, mentre la correlazione con le reti di legami forti tra familiari è significativamente negativa. La partecipazione politica attiva sembra irrilevante, sia dal punto di vista del benessere sociale sia riguardo l’ammontare della spesa pubblica regionale nei settori considerati.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 2365.

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Date of creation: 21 Mar 2007
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:2365

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Keywords: Capitale sociale; Imprese sociali; Spesa pubblica; Benessere sociale; Sviluppo economico;

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