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The Selection of Skills into Sectors: Evidence from the Market for Economists

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  • Boehm, Michael J.
  • Watzinger, Martin

Abstract

We study the selection of skills into sectors in an environment with (1) exogenous variation in the attractiveness of sectors and (2) good measurability of skills. More concretely, we examine how the selection into leading economics PhD programs varies with the business cycle and we measure PhD’s skills by their publication success. Our results strongly support a selection story: cohorts applying fora PhD- and graduating from a PhD during recession achieve a substantially better publication record if they stay in academia after graduating.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 23315.

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Date of creation: Jun 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:23315

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Keywords: Sectoral Selection; Skill Composition; Business Cycle; Careers;

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  1. Daniel Sullivan & Till von Wachter, 2009. "Job Displacement and Mortality: An Analysis Using Administrative Data," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 124(3), pages 1265-1306, August.
  2. Fabian Waldinger, 2009. "Peer effects in science: evidence from the dismissal of scientists in Nazi Germany," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 28518, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  3. Richard Freeman & John Van Reenen, 2009. "What If Congress Doubled R&D Spending on the Physical Sciences?," Innovation Policy and the Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 9(1), pages 1 - 38.
  4. Pantelis Kalaitzidakis & Theofanis P. Mamuneas & Thanasis Stengos, 2003. "Rankings of Academic Journals and Institutions in Economics," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 1(6), pages 1346-1366, December.
  5. Oreopoulos, Philip & Wachter, Till von & Heisz, Andrew, 2008. "The Short- and Long-Term Career Effects of Graduating in a Recession: Hysteresis and Heterogeneity in the Market for College Graduates," IZA Discussion Papers 3578, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Gallet, Craig A. & List, John A. & Orazem, Peter, 2004. "Cyclicality and the Labor Market for Economists," Staff General Research Papers, Iowa State University, Department of Economics 12025, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  7. Glenn Ellison, 2002. "Evolving Standards for Academic Publishing: A q-r Theory," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(5), pages 994-1034, October.
  8. Pierre Azoulay & Joshua S. Graff Zivin & Jialan Wang, 2010. "Superstar Extinction," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 125(2), pages 549-589, May.
  9. Goolsbee, Austan, 1998. "Does Government R&D Policy Mainly Benefit Scientists and Engineers?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 298-302, May.
  10. Fabian Waldinger, 2009. "Peer effects in science: evidence from Nazi Germany," CentrePiece - The Magazine for Economic Performance, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE 278, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  11. Bedard, Kelly & Herman, Douglas A., 2008. "Who goes to graduate/professional school? The importance of economic fluctuations, undergraduate field, and ability," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 197-210, April.
  12. Paul Oyer, 2006. "Initial Labor Market Conditions and Long-Term Outcomes for Economists," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 20(3), pages 143-160, Summer.
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