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How effective is a Big Push to the Small? Evidence from a Quasi-random Experiment

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  • Mallick, Debdulal

Abstract

This paper, using data from a quasi-random control experiment on BRAC’s “Targeting the Ultra Poor” program in Bangladesh, investigates whether a one-off large grant to the extreme poor enables them to participate in the regular microfinance program that typically excludes them. The extreme poor were provided income-generating assets and continued support over 18 months that included, among others, enterprise management assistance, subsistence allowance, and support for building social network. Some eligible extreme poor who did not receive assets for reasons unrelated to the ones that can lead to self-selection bias are treated as the control group. The results for 2002 baseline and 2005 repeat survey data show that such a big push has indeed significant impact on graduation to the regular microfinance program. Social capital has significant effect on borrowing decision, and awareness of social and legal issues has significant effect on both NGO membership and borrowing decision.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 22824.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:22824

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Related research

Keywords: Extreme poverty; microfinance; social capital; awareness; cognitive skills; control experiment;

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References

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  1. Karlan, Dean S., 2007. "Social Connections and Group Banking," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 6194, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Matin, Imran & Hulme, David, 2003. "Programs for the Poorest: Learning from the IGVGD Program in Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 647-665, March.
  3. Luigi Guiso & Paola Sapienza & Luigi Zingales, 2000. "The Role of Social Capital in Financial Development," NBER Working Papers 7563, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Sascha O. Becker & Marco Caliendo, 2007. "Sensitivity analysis for average treatment effects," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, StataCorp LP, vol. 7(1), pages 71-83, February.
  5. Dean S. Karlan, 2005. "Using Experimental Economics to Measure Social Capital And Predict Financial Decisions," Working Papers, Economic Growth Center, Yale University 909, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  6. M. Shahe Emran & Stephen C. Smith & Virginia Robano, 2009. "Assessing the Frontiers of Ultra-Poverty Reduction: Evidence from CFPR/TUP, an Innovative Program in Bangladesh," Working Papers, The George Washington University, Institute for International Economic Policy 2009-06, The George Washington University, Institute for International Economic Policy.
  7. Narayan, Deepa & Pritchett, Lant, 1997. "Cents and sociability : household income and social capital in rural Tanzania," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 1796, The World Bank.
  8. Loren Brandt & Arthur J. Hosios, 2010. "Interest-Free Loans between Villagers," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 58(2), pages 345-372, 01.
  9. Dean Karlan & Markus Mobius & Tanya Rosenblat & Adam Szeidl, 2009. "Trust and Social Collateral," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 124(3), pages 1307-1361, August.
  10. David G. Blanchflower, 2000. "Self-Employment in OECD Countries," NBER Working Papers 7486, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Edward L. Glaeser & David Laibson & Bruce Sacerdote, 2002. "An Economic Approach to Social Capital," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(483), pages 437-458, November.
  12. Patrick Webb & Jennifer Coates & Robert Houser, 2002. "Does Microcredit Meet the Needs of all Poor Women? Constraints to Participation Among Desitute Women in Bangladesh," Working Papers in Food Policy and Nutrition, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy 03, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy.
  13. Joel Sobel, 2002. "Can We Trust Social Capital?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 40(1), pages 139-154, March.
  14. Chaudhuri, Kausik & Schneider, Friedrich & Chattopadhyay, Sumana, 2006. "The size and development of the shadow economy: An empirical investigation from states of India," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 428-443, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Morduch, Jonathan & Ravi, Shamika & Bauchet, Jonathan, 2013. "Substitution Bias and External Validity: Why an Innovative Anti-poverty Program Showed no Net Impact," CEI Working Paper Series, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University 2013-03, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  2. Morduch, Jonathan & Ravi, Shamika & Bauchet, Jonathan, 2012. "Failure vs. Displacement: Why an Innovative Anti-Poverty Program Showed No Net Impact," CEI Working Paper Series, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University 2012-05, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.

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