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Growth, Employment and Internal Migration. Peru, 2003-2007

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  • Yamada, Gustavo

Abstract

We analyze trends in regional economic growth, employment and internal migration during one of the best periods of economic boom in Peru´s modern history. Migration among departamentos from 2002 to 2007, captured in the last population census, has been consistent with regional labour prospects, such as initial stocks and recent increases in the volumes of adequate employment. The relative size of internal migration has declined compared to the period 1988-1993 due to the virtual elimination of terrorism-led migration, retaking a long run declining trend observed for the South America region. However, migration corridors opened up in the 1980s and 1990s have persisted during this decade. Empirical models show that the migration decision also takes into account potential gains in living standards, through the improved access to economic and social infrastructure. Likewise, the report finds evidence that internal migration flows support the process of conditional convergence across regional per capita GDPs. However, these same flows do not seem to influence significantly the speed of earnings convergence across regions.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 22067.

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Date of creation: Mar 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:22067

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Keywords: Employment; migration; economic growth.;

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  1. Borjas, George J & Bronars, Stephen G & Trejo, Stephen J, 1992. "Assimilation and the Earnings of Young Internal Migrants," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(1), pages 170-75, February.
  2. Lall, Somik V. & Selod, Harris & Shalizi, Zmarak, 2006. "Rural-urban migration in developing countries : a survey of theoretical predictions and empirical findings," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3915, The World Bank.
  3. Pessino, Carola, 1991. "Sequential migration theory and evidence from Peru," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 55-87, July.
  4. Yamada, Gustavo, 1996. "Urban Informal Employment and Self-Employment in Developing Countries: Theory and Evidence," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 44(2), pages 289-314, January.
  5. Cole, William E & Sanders, Richard D, 1985. "Internal Migration and Urban Employment in the Third World," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(3), pages 481-94, June.
  6. Maloney, William F, 1999. "Does Informality Imply Segmentation in Urban Labor Markets? Evidence from Sectoral Transitions in Mexico," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 13(2), pages 275-302, May.
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