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Environmental Taxation under Productive Differentials: An Efficiency Analysis

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  • Hadjidema, Stamatina
  • Eleftheriou, Konstantinos

Abstract

In recent years, the pollution tax instrument has become a focus of the environmental policy debate. Many countries are presently considering implementing or increasing the rate of pollution taxes, while pollution abatement subsidies are used by local governments. However, a great part of the literature argues that environmental taxation fails to create a “double-dividend” outcome and leads to a trade off between pollution levels and unemployment. In this context, a simple search and matching model of labour market is developed, where workers are characterized by heterogeneous productive abilities, so as to examine the impact of a pollution tax on employment. Furthermore, an attemption is made in order to determine the efficient level of taxation in the short run, where the assumption of free entry of firms (zero profits) is dropped.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 21861.

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Date of creation: 18 Mar 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:21861

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Keywords: pollution; search; taxes; unemployment;

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  1. Bovenberg, A.L. & Ploeg, F. van der, 1994. "Green policies in a small open economy," Open Access publications from Tilburg University, Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-152986, Tilburg University.
  2. Diamond, Peter A, 1982. "Aggregate Demand Management in Search Equilibrium," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(5), pages 881-94, October.
  3. Bovenberg, A.L. & Mooij, R.A. de, 1994. "Environmental levies and distortionary taxation," Open Access publications from Tilburg University, Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-152985, Tilburg University.
  4. Bovenberg, A Lans & van der Ploeg, Frederick, 1994. " Green Policies and Public Finance in a Small Open Economy," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 96(3), pages 343-63.
  5. Jon Strand, 1999. "Efficient Environmental Taxation Under Worker-Firm Bargaining," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 13(2), pages 125-141, March.
  6. Ours, J.C. van & Ridder, G., 1992. "Vacancies and recruitment of new employees," Open Access publications from Tilburg University, Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-142178, Tilburg University.
  7. van Ours, Jan & Ridder, Geert, 1992. "Vacancies and the Recruitment of New Employees," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 10(2), pages 138-55, April.
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