Effects of Female Labor Participation and Marital Status on Smoking Behavior in Japan
AbstractUsing individual level data (the Japanese General Social Survey), this paper aims to explore how interaction between genders contributes to the cessation of smoking in Japan, where females are distinctly less inclined to smoke than males. Controlling for various socioeconomic factors and selection bias, I find through a Heckman-type selection estimation that proportions of female employees in workplaces are negatively associated with male smoking but not with female smoking. Furthermore, married males are less likely to smoke than single males, whereas there is no difference in smoking rates between married and single females. These results suggest that smokers are more inclined to cease smoking when they are more likely to have contact with opposite sex nonsmokers. Overall, this empirical study provides evidence that the psychological effect of the presence of people in one’s surroundings has a direct significant effect upon smoking behavior; however, this effect is observed only among males and not females.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 21789.
Date of creation: 31 Mar 2010
Date of revision:
social pressure; female labor participation; marital status; smoking behavior;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
- I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Production
- Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-04-11 (All new papers)
- NEP-HEA-2010-04-11 (Health Economics)
- NEP-LAB-2010-04-11 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-SOC-2010-04-11 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
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