Democracy and Growth Reconsidered: Why Economic Performance of New Democracies is not Encouraging
AbstractThere are two innovations as compared to the previous literature on democratization and growth. First, not only the level of democracy is taken into account, but also changes in this level in the 1970s-1990s as measured by the political rights indices of the Freedom House. Second, the distinction is made between the rule of law and democracy, the rule of law being defined as the ability to ensure order based on legal rules; it is measured by the rule of law, investors’ risk and corruption indices. It is found that democratization in countries with strong rule of law (liberal democracies) stimulates economic growth, whereas in countries with poor rule of law (illiberal democracies) democratization undermines growth. In illiberal democracies institutions are weaker, shadow economy is larger and macroeconomic policy is less prudent.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 21606.
Date of creation: 2005
Date of revision:
Economic growth; democracy; rule of law;
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- P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism
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