Mixed Tournaments, Common Shocks, and Disincentives: An Experimental Study
AbstractExperimental economics is used to investigate two important hypotheses proposed in the economics literature on tournaments. Specifically, we test for a hypothesized “disincentives effect” which can occur in tournaments with mixed ability agents. We also test the well known hypothesis that, when common shocks are an important source of risk, tournaments can filter out this common shock and reduce earnings risk to workers. We find that disincentive effects arose in our tournament experiments, although these effects are not as strong as we predicted in our theoretical model and simulations. We also find that tournaments can be very effective at reducing earnings variation when common shocks are important. Taken together, these results suggest that the benefits of risk reduction from eliminating common shocks might outweigh the disincentive effects arising from mixed tournaments. We also find that the difference in average earnings between low and high ability agents is greater under tournaments than under absolute performance contracts.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 21.
Date of creation: Sep 2006
Date of revision:
mixed tournaments; incentives; relative performance contracts; experimental economics;
Other versions of this item:
- Wu, Steven Y. & Roe, Brian E. & Sporleder, Thomas L., 2007. "Mixed Tournaments, Common Shocks, and Disincentives: An Experimental Study," 2007 Annual Meeting, July 29-August 1, 2007, Portland, Oregon TN 9703, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
- D86 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Economics of Contract Law
- J33 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Compensation Packages; Payment Methods
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-12-04 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBE-2006-12-04 (Cognitive & Behavioural Economics)
- NEP-EXP-2006-12-04 (Experimental Economics)
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