An analytical framework toward the use of emission taxes: The Study case of Cotonou (Rep of Benin)
AbstractAs in numerous big cities in developing countries, environmental problems in Cotonou are becoming more and more severe. These problems are the result, among other factors, of the strong air pollution by the motorbike transport sector. This study, while considering health expenditures due to air pollution, uses a general equilibrium model and an optimal model of taxation to derive the optimal level of the taxation that should be applied to the motorbike taxi. On the basis of simulations achieved from the derivative tax, the study shows that an instrument of control based on the polluter pay principle will help to reduce the emission of carbon monoxyde (CO).
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 20952.
Date of creation: 10 May 2008
Date of revision: 24 Feb 2010
Pollution; motorbike Taxi; Polluter Pay Principle; General Equilibrium Model; Optimal Tax;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
- Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
- Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
- D51 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Exchange and Production Economies
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- Jules Pretty & Craig Brett & David Gee & Rachel Hine & Chris Mason & James Morison & Matthew Rayment & Gert Van Der Bijl & Thomas Dobbs, 2001. "Policy Challenges and Priorities for Internalizing the Externalities of Modern Agriculture," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(2), pages 263-283.
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