AIDing Contraception: HIV and Recent Trends in Abortion Rates
AbstractSince the onset of HIV/AIDS awareness in the early 1980s, much attention has centered around the substantial negative effects of the disease throughout the world. This paper provides evidence of a secondary effect the disease has had on sexual behavior in the United States. Using a difference-in-differences estimation framework and state level data, we show that the perceived threat of HIV resulted in a drop in unwanted pregnancies, as demonstrated by a lower incidence of abortions. Our results suggest that each additional reported case of HIV per 1,000 individuals resulted in 85.5 fewer abortions per 1,000 live births.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 20895.
Date of creation: 22 Feb 2010
Date of revision:
HIV; abortion; fertility;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
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