The Political Economy of Disaster Vulnerability: A Case Study of Pakistan Earthquake 2005
AbstractLiterature on natural hazards typically perceives disasters to be acts of God (or nature) while restricting the examination of their causes to biophysical and geographical explanations. This paper takes a different approach; first, it argues that disasters are socially constructed and, second, it situates the interactions of large-scale natural forces with local political-economic conditions within the context of vulnerability to contend that disasters are consequences of unresolved development challenges. Using the Pressure and Release (PAR) Model the paper suggests the usefulness of the concept of vulnerability that shapes local geographies of risk and weak institutions which transform and enhance the negative impacts of ‘natural’ hazards into ‘man-made’ disasters.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 20762.
Date of creation: 23 Aug 2009
Date of revision:
Vulnerability; Natural Hazards; Disasters; Political Economy; Pakistan;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
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- Y40 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Dissertations - - - Dissertations
- H1 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government
- Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters
- F54 - International Economics - - International Relations and International Political Economy - - - Colonialism; Imperialism; Postcolonialism
- P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism
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This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-03-06 (All new papers)
- NEP-CWA-2010-03-06 (Central & Western Asia)
- NEP-DEV-2010-03-06 (Development)
- NEP-ENV-2010-03-06 (Environmental Economics)
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