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The Effects of 1993 EITC Expansion on Marginal Tax Rates

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  • Adireksombat, Kampon

Abstract

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) expansion affects labor supply and hence wages through changes in marginal tax rates (MTRs). This paper describes the effects of the 1993 EITC expansion on MTRs experienced by unmarried women. To demonstrate changes in MTRs, I use variation in the federal and state EITCs under the 1993 EITC expansion. Results suggest that the 1993 EITC expansion results in differential decreases in MTRs faced by unmarried women. Women with lower education experienced a larger decrease in their MTRs. Moreover, among women with the same education level, those with two or more children faced a larger decrease relative to those with one child and those with no children.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/18986/
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 18986.

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Date of creation: Dec 2007
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:18986

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Keywords: Earned Income Tax Credit; Unmarried Women; and Marginal Tax Rates;

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  1. Keane, Michael & Moffitt, Robert, 1998. "A Structural Model of Multiple Welfare Program Participation and Labor Supply," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 39(3), pages 553-89, August.
  2. Jesse Rothstein, 2008. "The Unintended Consequences of Encouraging Work: Tax Incidence and the EITC," Working Papers 1049, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Center for Economic Policy Studies..
  3. Daniel Feenberg & Elisabeth Coutts, 1993. "An introduction to the TAXSIM model," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(1), pages 189-194.
  4. V. Joseph Hotz & John Karl Scholz, 2001. "The Earned Income Tax Credit," NBER Working Papers 8078, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Leigh, Andrew, 2010. "Who Benefits from the Earned Income Tax Credit? Incidence among Recipients, Coworkers and Firms," IZA Discussion Papers 4960, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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