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Structural Change and the Efficiency of Banking In Turkey: Does Ownership Matter?

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  • Aysan, Ahmet Faruk
  • Ceyhan, Sanli Pinar

Abstract

In a period of increasing foreign bank entry, the popular question of “what does foreign bank entry bring to the Turkish banking sector?” can partly be answered with respect to the productivity effects. This paper aims to find the productivity change in the banking sector between 1990 and 2007 just before the global crisis. We are especially interested in the period beginning with 2001 after which the Turkish banking system has almost been flooded with foreign banks. Using a sample of 20 commercial banks, we attempt to find the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) type Malmquist Total Factor Productivity Change Index over the specified period. We also look at the source of this change decomposing this index into its mutually exclusive and exhaustive components of efficiency change and technological change. Additionally, we further decompose the technical efficiency change into pure technical efficiency change and scale efficiency change. The DEA results guide us in comparing the performances of banks of different ownership status (state, private and foreign banks) and of different size

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 17849.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:17849

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Related research

Keywords: Turkish Banking Industry; Foreign Bank Entry; Globalization of Banking; Data Envelopment Analysis; Efficiency;

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References

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  1. Isik, Ihsan & Hassan, M. Kabir, 2002. "Technical, scale and allocative efficiencies of Turkish banking industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 719-766, April.
  2. Isik, Ihsan & Kabir Hassan, M., 2003. "Financial deregulation and total factor productivity change: An empirical study of Turkish commercial banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 1455-1485, August.
  3. Ilko Naaborg & Bert Scholtens & Jakob de Haan & Hanneke Bol & Ralph de Haas, 2003. "How Important are Foreign Banks in the Financial Development of European Transition Countries?," CESifo Working Paper Series 1100, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Canan Yildirim, 2002. "Evolution of banking efficiency within an unstable macroeconomic environment: the case of Turkish commercial banks," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(18), pages 2289-2301.
  5. Adrian E. Tschoegl, 2004. "Financial Crises and the Presence of Foreign Banks," International Finance 0405016, EconWPA.
  6. Oulton,Nicholas & O'Mahony,Mary, 1994. "Productivity and Growth," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521453455, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Ertek, Gurdal & Ozturk, Secil, 2009. "Assessing the adverse effects of interbank funds on bank efficiency through using semiparametric and nonparametric methods," MPRA Paper 38113, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Akin, Guzin Gulsun & Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Yildiran, Levent, 2008. "Transformation of the Turkish Financial Sector in the Aftermath of the 2001 Crisis," MPRA Paper 17803, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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