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Accounting for Changes in Labor Force Participation of Married Women: The Case of the U.S. since 1959

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  • Bar, Michael
  • Leukhina, Oksana

Abstract

Using a model of family decision-making with home production and individual heterogeneity, we quantitatively investigate the role of changes in several aspects of the joint earnings distribution of husbands and wives (gender earnings gap, gender-specific inequality and assortativeness of matching) and the decline in prices of home appliances in accounting for the dramatic rise in labor force participation of married women since 1959. The implications of the factors examined are tested against changes in participation for disaggregated groups of couples and leisure trends of married individuals, documented from the U.S. population census and time-use survey data.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 17264.

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Date of creation: 2005
Date of revision: Jun 2009
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:17264

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Keywords: labor force participation; married couples; family time allocation; gender earnings gap; home production;

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References

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  1. Ellen McGrattan & Richard Rogerson & Randall Wright, 1995. "An equilibrium model of the business cycle with household production and fiscal policy," Staff Report, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis 191, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  2. Attanasio, O. & Low, H. & Sanchez-Marcos, V., 2004. "Explaining Changes in Female Labour Supply in a Life-cycle Model," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge 0451, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  3. Elizabeth M. Caucutt & Nezih Guner & John Knowles, 2001. "The Timing of Births: A Marriage Market Analysis," Penn CARESS Working Papers, Penn Economics Department 49355d43c11f2314075e8b54e, Penn Economics Department.
  4. Claudia Goldin & Lawrence F. Katz, 2002. "The Power of the Pill: Oral Contraceptives and Women's Career and Marriage Decisions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(4), pages 730-770, August.
  5. Claudia Olivetti, 2006. "Changes in Women's Hours of Market Work: The Role of Returns to Experience," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 9(4), pages 557-587, October.
  6. John Knowles, 2006. "Why are Married Men Working So Much?," 2006 Meeting Papers, Society for Economic Dynamics 445, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  7. Larry E. Jones & Rodolfo E. Manuelli & Ellen R. McGrattan, 2003. "Why are married women working so much?," Staff Report, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis 317, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  8. Jeremy Greenwood & Ananth Seshadri & Mehmet Yorukoglu, 2003. "Engines of Liberation," RCER Working Papers, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER) 503, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  9. Oded Galor & David N. Weil, 1993. "The Gender Gap, Fertility, and Growth," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 4550, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  11. Bar Michael & Leukhina Oksana, 2009. "To Work or Not to Work: Did Tax Reforms Affect Labor Force Participation of Married Couples?," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, De Gruyter, vol. 9(1), pages 1-30, July.
  12. Juhn, Chinhui & Murphy, Kevin M, 1997. "Wage Inequality and Family Labor Supply," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(1), pages 72-97, January.
  13. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  14. Casey B. Mulligan & Yona Rubinstein, 2008. "Selection, Investment, and Women's Relative Wages Over Time," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 123(3), pages 1061-1110, August.
  15. Mark Aguiar & Erik Hurst, 2006. "Measuring trends in leisure," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  16. Guillaume Vandenbroucke, 2005. "A Model of the Trends in Hours," IEPR Working Papers, Institute of Economic Policy Research (IEPR) 05.40, Institute of Economic Policy Research (IEPR).
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Cited by:
  1. David Zimmer, 2009. "Insurance Arrangements Among Married Couples: Analysis of Benefit Substitution and Compensating Differentials," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, Springer, vol. 30(4), pages 428-439, December.
  2. Bruno L. s. Falcão & Rodrigo Reis Soares, 2006. "The Demographic Transition and the Sexual Division of Labor," Textos para discussão, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil) 528, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).

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