The Effect of Traffic Safety Laws and Obesity Rates on Living Organ Donations
AbstractThis paper uses variation in traffic safety laws and obesity rates to identify substitution patterns between living and cadaveric kidney donors. Using panel data from 1988-2008, we find that a 1% decrease in the supply of cadaveric donors per 100,000 increases the supply of living donors per 100,000 by .7%. With respect to traffic safety laws, a national adoption of partial helmet laws is estimated to decrease cadaveric donors by 6%, but leads to a 4.2% increase in the number of living donors, or a net effect of 1.8% decrease in the supply of kidney donations. The recent rise in obesity rates is estimated to increase living donor rates by roughly 18%. Lastly, we find evidence that increases in disposable income per capita is associated with an increase in the number of non-biological living donors within a state, but is not found to have an effect on biological donor rates.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 17033.
Date of creation: 31 Aug 2009
Date of revision:
organ donations; fatalities; seat belt; helmet laws; altruism;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
- I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Production
- D64 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Altruism; Philanthropy
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- T. Randolph Beard & David L. Kaserman & Richard P. Saba, 2006. "Inefficiency in Cadaveric Organ Procurement," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 73(1), pages 13â26, July.
Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- Traffic safety, obesity, and ... organ donations
by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2009-10-09 14:32:00
- Does a decrease in the number of traffic fatalities increase live kidney donation?
by Al Roth in Market Design on 2009-10-27 10:04:00
- Jon Diesel, 2010. "Do Economists Reach a Conclusion on Organ Liberalization?," Econ Journal Watch, Econ Journal Watch, vol. 7(3), pages 320-336, September.
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