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The Effect of Traffic Safety Laws and Obesity Rates on Living Organ Donations

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Author Info

  • Fernandez, Jose
  • Stohr, Lisa

Abstract

This paper uses variation in traffic safety laws and obesity rates to identify substitution patterns between living and cadaveric kidney donors. Using panel data from 1988-2008, we find that a 1% decrease in the supply of cadaveric donors per 100,000 increases the supply of living donors per 100,000 by .7%. With respect to traffic safety laws, a national adoption of partial helmet laws is estimated to decrease cadaveric donors by 6%, but leads to a 4.2% increase in the number of living donors, or a net effect of 1.8% decrease in the supply of kidney donations. The recent rise in obesity rates is estimated to increase living donor rates by roughly 18%. Lastly, we find evidence that increases in disposable income per capita is associated with an increase in the number of non-biological living donors within a state, but is not found to have an effect on biological donor rates.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 17033.

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Date of creation: 31 Aug 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:17033

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Related research

Keywords: organ donations; fatalities; seat belt; helmet laws; altruism;

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References

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  1. T. Randolph Beard & David L. Kaserman & Richard P. Saba, 2006. "Inefficiency in Cadaveric Organ Procurement," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 73(1), pages 13–26, July.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Traffic safety, obesity, and ... organ donations
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2009-10-09 14:32:00
  2. Does a decrease in the number of traffic fatalities increase live kidney donation?
    by Al Roth in Market Design on 2009-10-27 10:04:00
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Cited by:
  1. Jon Diesel, 2010. "Do Economists Reach a Conclusion on Organ Liberalization?," Econ Journal Watch, Econ Journal Watch, vol. 7(3), pages 320-336, September.

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