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Gender Inequality and Trade Liberalization: A Case Study of Pakistan

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  • Ahmed, Naeem
  • Hyder, Kalim

Abstract

The main focus of this study is to explore the impact of trade liberalization on gender inequalities in Pakistan. The overall gender inequality based on three dimensions, including labour market, education and health facilities are analyzed in this paper using data from 1973 to 2005. Exports and imports to GDP ratio, per capita GDP, and number of girls’ school to number of boys’ school ratio are identified as important determinants of overall gender inequality in Pakistan and gender inequality in labor market of Pakistan. Further, gender inequality in education attainment is explained by per capita GDP, number of girls’ school to number of boys’ school ratio and number of female teachers per school.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/16252/
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 16252.

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Date of creation: 15 Mar 2006
Date of revision: 20 Oct 2006
Publication status: Published in Forman Journal of Economics Studies 1.2(2006): pp. 28-38
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:16252

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Keywords: Gender inequality; discrimination; trade liberalization; determinants; Pakistan;

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  1. Oostendorp, Remco, 2004. "Globalization and the gender wage gap," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3256, The World Bank.
  2. Zafar H. Ismail & Hafiz A. Pasha & A. Rauf Khan, 1994. "Cost Effectiveness in Primary Education: A Study of Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 33(4), pages 1169-1180.
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