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Impact of fertility on objective and subjective poverty in Malawi

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  • Mussa, Richard

Abstract

The paper uses data from the Second Malawi Integrated Household Survey (IHS2) to investigate the impact of fertility on poverty in rural Malawi. We use two measures of poverty; the objective and the subjective. After accounting for endogeneity of fertility by using son preference as an instrumental variable, we �nd that fertility increases the probability of being objectively poor. This e¤ect is robust for all poverty lines used.It is also robust to accounting for economies of scale and household composition as well as assuming that poverty is continuous. We also �nd that when fertility is treated as an exogenous variable its impact is underestimated. When poverty is measured subjectively, the results are opposite to those of objective poverty. We �nd that fertility lowers the likelihood of feeling poor, and that fertility is exogenous with respect to subjective poverty.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 16089.

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Date of creation: 27 Jan 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:16089

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Keywords: Objective poverty; subjective poverty; fertility; Malawi;

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Cited by:
  1. KUEPIE Mathias & SAIDOU HAMADOU Théophile, 2013. "The impact of fertility on household economic status in Cameroon, Mali and Senegal," CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series 2013-20, CEPS/INSTEAD.

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