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Strengths And Weaknesses Of The New Public Management (NPM)- Cross-Sectional And Longitudinal Analysis

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  • Oehler-Sincai, Iulia Monica

Abstract

The paradigm of NPM, like its forerunners, has been trying to answer the same question for almost twenty years: how to implement policies, strategies, programs and projects, using the market-type mechanisms, so that the institutions of the state could achieve the desired results. The praises and criticism that have accompanied this paradigm along its evolution are fully justified. Indeed, the NPM has strengths and weaknesses as well, and one purpose of this paper is to identify them and to find answers to the following questions. Which components of the mechanism named NPM generate negative results? Why? What can be done? It is not easy to answer these questions, taking into consideration the multitude of factors influencing the public management, and especially the tremendous impacts of the accelerated process of globalization. The global problems of nowadays make any unilateral action of a government unconceivable, and this brings us to the concept of global public management (GPM). Nevertheless, the way forward will be the subject of another paper. The paper is structured in two main sections, as follows: The first section provides a conceptual framework, examining the multifaceted structure of the NPM and its mechanisms (the “state-of-the-art” of the “art of the state”). The second section suggests a theoretical framework on “measuring” the aggregate attribute of the NPM – the QoG – illustrated by practical cases, in a twofold perspective: longitudinal (variation in time) and cross-sectional (variation among countries).

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 11767.

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Date of creation: Nov 2008
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:11767

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Keywords: New Public Management; Global Public Management; Governance; New Institutional Economics; Bertelsmann Transformation Index; Corruption Perceptions Index; e-Government Index; Global Competitiveness Index; Human Development Index; Index of Freedom in the World; Transition Indicators; Worldwide Governance Indicators;

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  1. Daron Acemoglu, 2007. "Introduction to Modern Economic Growth," Levine's Bibliography 122247000000001721, UCLA Department of Economics.
  2. Kaufmann, Daniel & Kraay, Aart, 2008. "Governance Indicators: Where Are We, Where Should We Be Going?," MPRA Paper 8212, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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