Fécondité, Santé et Participation des femmes au Marché du Travail
AbstractMany studies report empirical relationship either between fertility and labour supply or, between health and labour market outcomes. In this paper, an extension of these ideas involves explicitly considering how fertility and health affect each other, and how they interrelate with labour force participation. A unifying framework is provided and a simultaneous three equations model developed to capture the interdependence between these variables as well as their respective determinants. The model is estimated using a cross-section data set obtained from a survey of the urban Cameroon population. The results indicate that: (i) fertility and health status are significantly interrelated, thus separate estimations of fertility (or health status) and participation will produce misleading results; (ii) working in either sector of the labour market significantly reduces fertility but, unlike many previous studies, fertility has a positive impact on the probability of labour force participation; (iii) there is strong evidence that health and disability status is a significant determinant of employment, but the reverse depend on the labour market sector and on the health indicator used.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 10839.
Date of creation: Jun 2008
Date of revision:
Fertility; self-reported health; disability; labour supply; limited dependent variable;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
- I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2008-12-07 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2008-12-07 (All new papers)
- NEP-HAP-2008-12-07 (Economics of Happiness)
- NEP-HEA-2008-12-07 (Health Economics)
- NEP-LAB-2008-12-07 (Labour Economics)
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