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Green revolution: Indian agricultural experience – a paradigm for Eritrea


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  • Rena, Ravinder


Food problem became more severe after the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, presenting a series challenges to India’s agricultural sector. Even during good harvest years, food imports remain high. A large segment of people were poor. To mitigate these problems, India adopted farming strategies under the “Green Revolution” in the mid 1960s. The application of modern farming technology, introduction of high-yielding varieties of seeds, increased use of fertilizers, development and expansion of irrigation systems, extension of credit and educational services to farmers. These activities resulted in a drastic increase of farm products leading India to achieve self-sufficiency in food within a short period of time. The “Green Revolution” has contributed to Indian agriculture tremendously and transformed India from a starving nation to a food exporter. The activities that comprise the “Green Revolution” are worth emulating in the Eritrean environment. This paper explores the impact of the “Green Revolution” on Indian agricultural production with the aim of drawing lessons for Eritrea to modernize its agriculture and subsequently solve its food insecurity problem. The Indian experience serves as a model for Eritrea to achieve self-sufficiency in food.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 10838.

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Date of creation: 15 Feb 2003
Date of revision: 24 May 2003
Publication status: Published in Eritrean Studies Review 1.4(2004): pp. 103-130
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:10838

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Keywords: Green Revolution; Agriculture and Technology; India; Eritrea; Food Security;

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  1. Sarma, J. S., 1981. "Growth and equity: policies and implementation in Indian agriculture," Research reports, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 28, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  2. Mellor, John W. & Adams, Richard Jr, 1986. "The new political economy of food and agricultural development," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 289-297, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Rena, Ravinder, 2006. "Challenges For Research Development In Eritrea – Some Observations," MPRA Paper 10554, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Rena, Ravinder, 2004. "Challenges for Food Security in Eritrea -- A Descriptive and Qualitative Analysis," MPRA Paper 10312, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 21 Feb 2005.
  3. Rena, Ravinder & Tesfy, Ghirmai, 2006. "Poverty And Microfinance In Eritrea – A Discourse," MPRA Paper 11079, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2007.
  4. Rena, Ravinder, 2006. "Trends And Determinants Of Poverty In The Horn Of Africa - Some Implications," MPRA Paper 11140, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Rena, Ravinder, 2003. "Emerging Eritrean Agriculture In Accordance With Global Competition: A Case Study On Elabered Estate," MPRA Paper 10317, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 17 Jun 2004.
  6. Rena, Ravinder, 2005. "Agriculture Development And Food Security Policy In Eritrea - An Analysis," MPRA Paper 10791, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Sep 2006.
  7. Rena, Ravinder, 2006. "Warsai-Yikeaalo program and its impact in post war Eritrea – A development perspective," MPRA Paper 11682, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Mar 2008.
  8. Rena, Ravinder, 2006. "Lessons Of Indian Experience For Eritrea," MPRA Paper 10573, University Library of Munich, Germany.


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