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Firm Export Dynamics and the Geography of Trade

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  • Lawless, Martina

Abstract

Two recent trends in international economics have been an increased focus on the geography of trade (e.g. what factors determine where a country exports to) and the emergence of empirical work examining firm-level data on exporting activity. However, data limitations have prevented there being much progress in combining these two areas, because very few countries provide firm-level data breaking down firm exports by their destination. Eaton, Kortum and Kramarz (2004) have analysed such data for French frms but their study only uses a single cross-section of data. This paper uses a unique survey of Irish exporting firms over a five year period to fill some of the gaps in this empirical literature. With information on over fifty destinations, firm-level changes in market coverage and their contribution to net export growth are investigated. Firm involvement in individual export markets is found to be much more dynamic than export status. Entry and exit to markets is shown to be a quantifiably important component of overall export ows, with this factor becoming more important for less popular markets. The paper also shows how the patterns of entry and exit into export markets combine to determine the overall firm-level distribution of number of markets entered.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 10008.

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Date of creation: Mar 2007
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:10008

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Keywords: Firm exports; market entry and exit; transition matrix;

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  1. Andrew B. Bernard & Jonathan Eaton & J. Bradford Jensen & Samuel Kortum, 2003. "Plants and Productivity in International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 93(4), pages 1268-1290, September.
  2. Thomas Chaney, 2007. "Liquidity Constrained Exporters," 2007 Meeting Papers, Society for Economic Dynamics 979, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  3. Jonathan Eaton & Samuel Kortum & Francis Kramarz, 2004. "Dissecting Trade: Firms, Industries, and Export Destinations," NBER Working Papers 10344, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Melitz, Marc J, 2002. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 3381, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Jonathan Eaton & Zvi Eckstein, 1994. "Cities and Growth: Theory and Evidence from france and Japan," Boston University - Institute for Economic Development, Boston University, Institute for Economic Development 36, Boston University, Institute for Economic Development.
  6. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen & Peter K. Schott, 2005. "Importers, Exporters, and Multinationals: A Portrait of Firms in the U.S. that Trade Goods," Working Paper Series, Peterson Institute for International Economics WP05-10, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
  7. Eaton, Jonathan & Kortum, Samuel S & Kramarz, Francis, 2009. "An Anatomy of International Trade: Evidence from French Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 7111, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Jonathan Eaton & Samuel Kortum, 2002. "Technology, Geography, and Trade," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 70(5), pages 1741-1779, September.
  9. Wagner, Joachim, 2003. "On the micro-structure of the German export boom: Evidence from establishment panel data, 1995 - 2002," HWWA Discussion Papers, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA) 249, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  10. Andrew B. Bernard & Joachim Wagner, 1998. "Export Entry and Exit by German Firms," NBER Working Papers 6538, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Andrew B Bernard & J Bradford Jensen, 2001. "Entry, Expansion, and Intensity in the U.S. Export Boom, 1987-1992," Working Papers, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau 01-09, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  12. Jonathan Eaton & Marcela Eslava & Maurice Kugler & James Tybout, 2007. "Export Dynamics in Colombia:Firm-Level Evidence," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA 003957, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  13. Thomas Chaney, 2008. "Distorted Gravity: The Intensive and Extensive Margins of International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 98(4), pages 1707-21, September.
  14. Danny Quah, 1992. "Empirical cross-section dynamics in economic growth," Discussion Paper / Institute for Empirical Macroeconomics, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis 75, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  15. Bernard, Andrew B. & Bradford Jensen, J., 1999. "Exceptional exporter performance: cause, effect, or both?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 1-25, February.
  16. Steven J. Davis & John C. Haltiwanger & Scott Schuh, 1998. "Job Creation and Destruction," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262540932, December.
  17. Anne Marie Gleeson & Frances Ruane, 2006. "Export dynamics in Small Open Economies: Indigenous Irish Manufacturing Exports, 1985-2003," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series, IIIS iiisdp140, IIIS.
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