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Optimal Spatial Patterns of Two, Three and Four Segregated Household Groups in a Monocentric City

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  • Wolfgang Wagner

Abstract

Usually, in monocentric city models the spatial patterns of segregated household groups are assumed to be ring-shaped, while early in the 1930ies Hoyt showed that wedge-shaped areas empirically predominate. This contribution presents a monocentric city model with different household groups generating positive externalities within the groups. At first, border length is founded as a criterion of optimality. Secondly, it is shown that mixed patterns of concentric and wedge-shaped areas represent multiple equilibria if more than two groups of households are being considered. The welfare optimal segregated pattern depends on the relative purchasing power of different household groups.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universität Potsdam, Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät in its series Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge with number 70.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:pot:vwldis:70

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Keywords: Monocentric city; segregation; spatial pattern; externalities;

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  1. repec:sae:niesru:v:149:y::i:1:p:30-52 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Miyao, Takahiro & Shapiro, Perry & Knapp, David, 1980. "On the existence, uniqueness and stability of spatial equilibrium in an open city with externalities," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 139-149, September.
  3. Roland Benabou, 1991. "Workings of a City: Location, Education, and Production," NBER Technical Working Papers 0113, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Wheaton, William C., 1974. "A comparative static analysis of urban spatial structure," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 223-237, October.
  5. Rose-Ackerman, Susan, 1975. "Racism and urban structure," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 85-103, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Verena L. Holzer, 2004. "Does the German Renewable Energies Act fulfil Sustainable Development Objectives?," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 73, Universität Potsdam, Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät.
  2. Klaus Schöler, 2007. "Gibt es eine optimale Stadtgröße?," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 89, Universität Potsdam, Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät.

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