The Immigration and Trade Link in the European Union Integration Process
AbstractThe aim of this paper is to analyse the link between immigration and trade among EU countries, particularly, in the context of the 2004 enlargement. The study tests whether the increase in immigrant stock from New Member States has any impact on the exports from the EU-15 to those markets or not. To that end the study applies an extended gravity model of international trade to panel data for three countries – Germany, Denmark and Portugal. The results show that increasing immigration from both New Member States and EU15 countries has a positive impact on the exports of both Portugal and Denmark. The results also suggest that less restrictive immigration policies have a positive impact on exports, and contribute to the normalization of exports of these countries to New Member States. Finally, these results do not hold in the case of Germany.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto in its series FEP Working Papers with number 340.
Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2009
Date of revision:
International trade; immigration; European Union; economic integration; gravity model;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
- F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
- F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
- O24 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-11-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-INT-2009-11-14 (International Trade)
- NEP-MIG-2009-11-14 (Economics of Human Migration)
You can help add them by filling out this form.
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- Murat Genc & Masood Gheasi & Peter Nijkamp & Jacques Poot, 2011.
"The impact of immigration on international trade: a meta-analysis,"
Norface Discussion Paper Series
2011020, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
- Genc, Murat & Gheasi, Masood & Nijkamp, Peter & Poot, Jacques, 2011. "The Impact of Immigration on International Trade: A Meta-Analysis," IZA Discussion Papers 6145, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Horácio Faustino & Isabel Proença, 2011. "Effects of Immigration on Intra-Industry Trade: A logit analysis," Working Papers 2011/19, Department of Economics at the School of Economics and Management (ISEG), Technical University of Lisbon..
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