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Searching for clusters in tourism. A quantitative methodological proposal

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  • Cristina Santos

    ()
    (Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto)

  • Alexandre Almeida

    ()
    (Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto)

  • Aurora A.C. Teixeira

    ()
    (INESC Porto, CEMPRE, Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto)

Abstract

The tourism industry is one of Europe’s leading employers, and for many regions highly dependent on tourists’ spending, innovation is the difference between growth and stagnation. Thus, at a regional level, tourism may function as a driving force of socioeconomic development and thus contribute to the demise of regional disparities. Such lever effect is usually associated to a geographical concentration abusively denominated of clusters. Most of the studies within the tourism industry identify clusters resorting to simplistic analyses of geographic location measures or experts’ opinions. These latter tend to neglect the essence of the cluster concept, namely the inter-linkages among regional actors. In the present paper, we propose a methodology to rigorously identify tourism clusters, stressing the importance of networks and cooperation between agents.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto in its series FEP Working Papers with number 293.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:por:fepwps:293

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Keywords: Clusters; Tourism; Methodology;

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Cited by:
  1. Abel Costa Fernandes, 2009. "Explaining Government Spending: a Cointegration Approach," FEP Working Papers, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto 311, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  2. Ghafele, Roya & Gibert, Benjamin, 2012. "A New Institutional Economics Perspective on Trademarks. Rebuilding Post Conflict Zones in Sierra Leone and Croatia," MPRA Paper 37859, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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