Combating Negative Peer Effects: Evidence from Judicial and School Resource Interventions
AbstractRecent empirical work on peer effects has primarily focused on identification. However, little is known about the extent to which social and education policy can mitigate the negative spillovers caused by disruptive children. This paper examines two such policies. First, we examine whether filing for a restraining order against domestic violence diminishes the negative peer effect imposed by that parent's child. Second, we investigate whether the exogenous placement of additional school counselors diminishes these negative peer effects. We find that parental reporting to the court eliminates the negative peer effects and one additional school counselor increases student math and reading achievement by 1.1 percentile points. The counselor effects are three times greater than the effect of reducing class size by hiring an additional teacher. Further tests provide suggestive evidence that when the schools are notified of a restraining order, counselors shift their focus toward those children. In doing so, this may help eliminate the negative peer effect. Collectively, our results suggest that interactions between social policy and schools may be important in overcoming negative peer effects.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Pittsburgh, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 375.
Date of creation: Jan 2009
Date of revision: Jan 2009
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-07-11 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2009-07-11 (Education)
- NEP-LAB-2009-07-11 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2009-07-11 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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- Stephen L. Ross, 2009. "Social Interactions within Cities: Neighborhood Environments and Peer Relationships," Working papers 2009-31, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
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