Regional Integration, Inclusive Growth, and Poverty: Enhancing Employment Opportunities for the Poor
AbstractRegional economic integration in East Asia is characterized initially as a market-driven process of increased trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows, and eventually by formal arrangements to liberalize trade and integrate economic activities through free trade agreements (FTAs) among East and Southeast Asian countries (Balboa and Medalla 2011). This has led to a more intensified regional production networks participated in by East and Southeast Asian countries, including the Philippines. Set against the backdrop of continuing economic integration in the region, it seems that the growth in the Philippines has not been as inclusive as in the other countries as manifested in the increase in the magnitude of poverty. This paper examines how we can improve our record on poverty reduction by looking at how we can generate greater demand for the labor services of the poor. Specifically, this paper looks into the linkage between regional production networks and inclusive growth in the Philippines through employment generation for the poor. The manufacturing sector can provide employment opportunities for the poor and can offer relatively higher wages. However, expected high-productivity employment opportunities from the manufacturing sector were not fully realized due to some bottlenecks in the sector. This partly explains the persistence of poverty in the Philippines. To promote inclusive growth and reduce poverty, the manufacturing sector has to be made more competitive and, at the same time, productivity in the agriculture sector (the major employer of poor) has to be increased.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Philippine Institute for Development Studies in its series Discussion Papers with number DP 2013-10.
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
poverty; Philippines; employment; regional economic integration; agriculture; inclusive growth; chronic poor; manufacturing; less educated; labor force survey (LFS);
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-07-15 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2013-07-15 (Development)
- NEP-SEA-2013-07-15 (South East Asia)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Tabuga, Aubrey D. & Mina, Christian D. & Reyes, Celia M. & Asis, Ronina D. & Datu, Maria Blesila G., 2011. "Dynamics of Poverty in the Philippines: Distinguishing the Chronic from the Transient Poor," Discussion Papers, Philippine Institute for Development Studies DP 2011-31, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
- Medalla, Erlinda M. & Balboa, Jenny D., 2011. "Regional Economic Integration in East Asia: Progress and Pathways," Discussion Papers, Philippine Institute for Development Studies DP 2011-23, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
- Aldaba, Rafaelita M. & Aldaba, Fernando T., 2010. "Assessing the Spillover Effects of FDI to the Philippines," Discussion Papers, Philippine Institute for Development Studies DP 2010-27, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
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