Globalization and Employment: The Impact of Trade on Employment Level and Structure in the Philippines
AbstractThis paper presents one of the few empirical estimates of the impact of globalization, here represented by trade flows, on employment level and structure using Philippine data. Using both aggregate and sub-industry level manufacturing data, the paper shows that increases in the propensity to export shifts the demand for labor upward. It also shows that the impact of the propensity to import on labor demand is unclear yielding from significantly positive to insignificant coefficients. In terms of employment structure, the impact of openness on the proportion of women workers is not significant in the aggregate but at the manufacturing sub-industry level, the increase in the propensity to export is a boon for women workers. Finally, increases in export propensity increase the proportion of low-skilled production workers both at the aggregate and manufacturing sub-industries level.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Philippine Institute for Development Studies in its series Discussion Papers with number DP 2002-04.
Date of creation: 2002
Date of revision:
globalization; employment opportunities; trade and pollution;
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- Aldaba, Rafaelita M., 2013. "Impact of Trade Liberalization on Wage Skill Premium in Philippine Manufacturing," Discussion Papers DP 2013-25, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
- Orbeta, Aniceto Jr. C., 2002. "Education, Labor Market, and Development: A Review of the Trends and Issues in the Philippines for the Past 25 Years," Discussion Papers DP 2002-19, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
- Liao, Christine Marie & Pasadilla, Gloria O., 2004. "Determinants of Individual Trade Policy Preference in the Philippines," Discussion Papers DP 2004-16, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Aniceto Orbeta).
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