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The Delimitation of Bipolar Metropolitan Area within the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Region


Author Info

  • Miroslaw Biczkowski

    (Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruñ, Poland)

  • Iwona Muller-Fraczek

    (Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruñ, Poland)

  • Joanna Muszynska

    (Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruñ, Poland)

  • Michal Bernard Pietrzak

    (Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruñ, Poland)

  • Justyna Wilk

    (Wroclaw University of Economics, Poland)


The objective of the article was to re-define the bipolar metropolitan area within the Kujawsko-Pomorskie region (NUTS 2). Concentration of metropolitan features, as well as socio-economic situations of its communes (NUTS 5) in 2011, and also their development in the period 2009-2011 were examined. Bydgoszcz and Toruñ, the economically strongest cities in the region, were established as the dual core of the metropolitan area. The determined metropolitan area will cover the most developed communes which meet the following criteria: neighbourhood, continuity, compactness, maximum distance and population. The development levels of communes were determined using taxonomic development measure. Its values were calculated considering the economic and also social aspects of regional development, as well as features typical of metropolitan areas, such as: well-developed sectors of R&D, knowledge-based economy and serving superior services. The metropolitan area resulted from the research slightly differs from the Bydgoszcz–Torun Metropolitan Area (appointed in 2005) and composed all of the communes located within the Bydgoski and Toruñski districts (NUTS 4). Che³m¿a and Koronowo, the less developed communes of the districts, were excluded from the new metropolitan area, while the neighbouring communes of Ciechocinek, Nak³o and Unis³aw were included due to their significant level of regional development. The Inowroc³aw district is a prospective candidate to join the metropolitan area.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Economic Research in its series Working Papers with number 3/2014.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2014
Date of revision: May 2014
Publication status: Published in Oeconomia Copernicana, No. 2, 2014
Handle: RePEc:pes:wpaper:2014:no3

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Keywords: delimitation; metropolitan area; synthetic measure of development;

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