El problema del empleo en una sociedad sigma
AbstractIn the Latin American countries, there exists a paradox that is scarcely noticed: in the last decades, the education expansion has been significant, but the degree of inequality has not changed much. Is education a non equalizing system? This paper intends to resolve the paradox. Sigma theory is utilized for that purpose. Sigma is an abstract society, which is capitalist, overpopulated, and socially heterogeneous. In order to establish a set of theoretical relations between education, human capital, and income, a sigma model is constructed. One of the predictions of this model is that, in that set of relations, the individualâ€™s ethnicity matters. This hypothesis is then submitted to the statistical test. The test is carried out using Peruvian data, the 2003 National Survey of Households (ENAHO). The finding is that the prediction is consistent with facts. In a sigma society, therefore, the education systemâ€”as it operates nowâ€”does not seem to be an equalizing mechanism. In the light of this result, the particular nature of the employment problem in a sigma society is discussed.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 2006-249.
Length: 62 pages
Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: published
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Phone: (511) 626-2000 ext. 4950, 4951
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Web page: http://www.pucp.edu.pe/departamento/economia/
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labor; development; inequality; education;
Other versions of this item:
- Adolfo Figueroa, 2009. "El problema del empleo en una sociedad sigma," Capítulos de libros PUCP, in: Efraín Gonzales de Olarte & Javier M. Iguiñiz Echeverría (ed.), Desarrollo económico y bienestar. Homenaje a Máximo Vega-Centeno, edition 1, chapter 6, pages 153-206 Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
- I39 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Other
- J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
- O10 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
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- Laure Pasquier-Doumer & Fiorella Risso Brandon, 2013.
"Aspiration failure: a poverty trap for indigenous children in Peru?,"
DT/2013/10, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
- Risso Brandon, Fiorella & Pasquier-Doumer, Laure, 2013. "Aspiration failure: a poverty trap for indigenous children in Peru?," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/12016, Paris Dauphine University.
- Jesús Palomino Samaniego, 2011. "Efectos Del Incremento De La Remuneracion Mínima Vital Sobre El Empleo Y Los Ingresos Laborales," Documentos de Trabajo 2011-313, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
- Janina León, 2012. "Calificación y Seguridad Social de la Mano de Obra en México," Working Papers 0612, Universidad Iberoamericana, Department of Economics.
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