The Asian Crisis: a Perspective after Ten Years
AbstractThis paper presents a simplified overview of the causes of and policy responses to the East Asian financial crisis, focusing on the four principal countries involved, namely, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and Korea. The main point is that there was a prolonged investment boom in these countries and an ending to the episode in the form of a 'hard landing' was neither inevitable nor predictable, but was set off by events in Thailand and reinforced in Indonesia’s case by political factors. There was a clear relationship between severity of the exchange rate crises and the short-term foreign borrowing that was denominated in foreign currency, usually dollars, and was unhedged. There were several policy responses, notably efforts to rescue the banks and various private corporations. Only in the Korean case was there a systematic attempt to get foreign creditors to reschedule the payments they were owed. There were some special features of each of our four countries. In particular, in Indonesia, there was an interaction of a political with an economic crisis, Malaysia did not incur significant short-term debts unlike the other three countries, while Thailand adhered too long to a fixed exchange rate.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 2007-06.
Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
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Asian crisis; exchange rate policy; foreign capital; currency mismatch;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General
- F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General
- O53 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-08-08 (All new papers)
- NEP-HIS-2007-08-08 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-IFN-2007-08-08 (International Finance)
- NEP-SEA-2007-08-08 (South East Asia)
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- Jiranyakul, Komain, 2011. "The Link between Output Growth and Output Volatility in Five Crisis-Affected Asian Countries," MPRA Paper 46068, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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